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Moving approximate entropy and its application to the electromyographic control of an artificial hand

Ahmad, Siti Anom (2009) Moving approximate entropy and its application to the electromyographic control of an artificial hand University of Southampton, School of Electronics and Computer Science, Doctoral Thesis , 180pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)


A multiple-degree-of-freedom artificial hand has been developed at the University of Southampton with the aim of including control philosophies to form a highly functional prosthesis hand. Using electromyographic signals is an established technique for the control of a hand. In it simplest form, the signals allow for opening a hand and subsequent closing to grasp an object.
This thesis describes the work carried out in the development of an electromyographic control system, with the aim to have a simple and robust method. A model of the control system was developed to differentiate grip postures using two surface electromyographic signals. A new method, moving approximate entropy was employed to investigate whether any significant patterns can be observed in the structure of the electromyographic signals. An investigation, using moving approximate entropy, on twenty healthy participants' wrist muscles (flexor carpi ulnaris and extensor carpi radialis) during wrist exion, wrist extension and cocontraction at different speeds has shown repeatable and distinct patterns at three states of contraction: start, middle and end. An analysis of the results also showed differences at different speeds of contraction. There is a low variation of the approximate entropy values between participants. This result, if used in the control of an artificial hand, would eliminate any training requirement. Other methods, mean absolute value, number of zero crossings, sample entropy, standard deviation, skewness and kurtosis have been determined from the signals. Of these features, mean absolute value and kurtosis were selected for information extraction. These three methods: moving approximate entropy, mean absolute value and kurtosis are used in the feature extraction process of the control system. A fuzzy logic system is used to classify the extracted information in discriminating the final grip posture. The results demonstrate the ability of the system to classify the information related to different grip postures.

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Published date: June 2009
Organisations: University of Southampton


Local EPrints ID: 66794
PURE UUID: 05face64-1922-41d4-ad3c-1fdacaa11c71

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Date deposited: 22 Jul 2009
Last modified: 19 Jul 2017 00:22

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Author: Siti Anom Ahmad
Thesis advisor: Paul Chappell

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