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A controlled evaluation of an intensive, peer-led, schools-based, anti-smoking programme

A controlled evaluation of an intensive, peer-led, schools-based, anti-smoking programme
A controlled evaluation of an intensive, peer-led, schools-based, anti-smoking programme
There is increasing interest in health promotion interventions which seek to change behaviour through local cultural diffusion by trained opinion-formers. This study adapted this approach to schools settings. Popular pupils in years 8 and 9 (aged 12 to 14) were recruited for intensive training by specialist staff on how to intervene effectively in everyday situations to promote smoking cessation and prevention of smoking uptake among their peers. Data on smoking behaviour, plus saliva samples for cotinine testing, were collected pre-intervention, immediately post-intervention, and three months post-intervention in two intervention and two control schools. Most differences in behaviour between intervention and control schools were not statistically significant. However, baseline ex-smokers (11 per cent of the sample and a larger group than baseline regular smokers) were significantly more likely still to be abstinent in the intervention, as opposed to the control, schools. Given the relative paucity of evidence of effective anti-smoking programmes in schools, these results are sufficiently encouraging to justify a full-scale randomised controlled trial evaluation.
0017-8969
17-25
Bloor, Michael
27bdaaad-b9ad-462b-86b4-a686976a7b9d
Frankland, Jane
94f07ae3-6361-4572-b716-6fdc4ba3c75a
Parry Langdon, Nina
d6407b5b-3efa-4682-afa7-c0e400f45ba8
Robinson, Margaret
b10f1e6c-0cd5-4c72-959a-7c5099924aad
Allerston, Susan
e42f406d-263a-41df-bd50-4519678b83cc
Catherine, Annette
17e3d5e7-a2ce-4808-af6c-2ca93c244354
Cooper, Linda
021a89c1-c70d-4b7e-b2f5-4acb9a58b8af
Gibbs, Loretta
8023c8e2-6e53-450f-8a6d-f01bc649365b
Gibbs, Nigel
11f6d084-164a-4642-8d6d-7d9ec1720f35
Hamilton-Kirkwood, Lawrence
e1d632e5-d640-4833-9ffb-324181a8aa1f
Jones, Elaine
59fbdd83-54d5-4ee8-8bf3-aec9754d0253
Smith, R. William
a4c172e4-7118-462b-92ea-aa411742262b
Spragg, Bernard
2c3eb1c0-366d-423a-bc61-a42b4bff3551
Bloor, Michael
27bdaaad-b9ad-462b-86b4-a686976a7b9d
Frankland, Jane
94f07ae3-6361-4572-b716-6fdc4ba3c75a
Parry Langdon, Nina
d6407b5b-3efa-4682-afa7-c0e400f45ba8
Robinson, Margaret
b10f1e6c-0cd5-4c72-959a-7c5099924aad
Allerston, Susan
e42f406d-263a-41df-bd50-4519678b83cc
Catherine, Annette
17e3d5e7-a2ce-4808-af6c-2ca93c244354
Cooper, Linda
021a89c1-c70d-4b7e-b2f5-4acb9a58b8af
Gibbs, Loretta
8023c8e2-6e53-450f-8a6d-f01bc649365b
Gibbs, Nigel
11f6d084-164a-4642-8d6d-7d9ec1720f35
Hamilton-Kirkwood, Lawrence
e1d632e5-d640-4833-9ffb-324181a8aa1f
Jones, Elaine
59fbdd83-54d5-4ee8-8bf3-aec9754d0253
Smith, R. William
a4c172e4-7118-462b-92ea-aa411742262b
Spragg, Bernard
2c3eb1c0-366d-423a-bc61-a42b4bff3551

Bloor, Michael, Frankland, Jane, Parry Langdon, Nina, Robinson, Margaret, Allerston, Susan, Catherine, Annette, Cooper, Linda, Gibbs, Loretta, Gibbs, Nigel, Hamilton-Kirkwood, Lawrence, Jones, Elaine, Smith, R. William and Spragg, Bernard (1999) A controlled evaluation of an intensive, peer-led, schools-based, anti-smoking programme. Health Education Journal, 58 (1), 17-25. (doi:10.1177/001789699905800103).

Record type: Article

Abstract

There is increasing interest in health promotion interventions which seek to change behaviour through local cultural diffusion by trained opinion-formers. This study adapted this approach to schools settings. Popular pupils in years 8 and 9 (aged 12 to 14) were recruited for intensive training by specialist staff on how to intervene effectively in everyday situations to promote smoking cessation and prevention of smoking uptake among their peers. Data on smoking behaviour, plus saliva samples for cotinine testing, were collected pre-intervention, immediately post-intervention, and three months post-intervention in two intervention and two control schools. Most differences in behaviour between intervention and control schools were not statistically significant. However, baseline ex-smokers (11 per cent of the sample and a larger group than baseline regular smokers) were significantly more likely still to be abstinent in the intervention, as opposed to the control, schools. Given the relative paucity of evidence of effective anti-smoking programmes in schools, these results are sufficiently encouraging to justify a full-scale randomised controlled trial evaluation.

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Published date: 1999

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 66935
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/66935
ISSN: 0017-8969
PURE UUID: c84d41ed-1ec6-45f0-9b2b-0a9b777bec27
ORCID for Jane Frankland: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3813-8879

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Date deposited: 12 Aug 2009
Last modified: 05 Nov 2019 01:47

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Contributors

Author: Michael Bloor
Author: Jane Frankland ORCID iD
Author: Nina Parry Langdon
Author: Margaret Robinson
Author: Susan Allerston
Author: Annette Catherine
Author: Linda Cooper
Author: Loretta Gibbs
Author: Nigel Gibbs
Author: Lawrence Hamilton-Kirkwood
Author: Elaine Jones
Author: R. William Smith
Author: Bernard Spragg

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