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Rejection sensitivity and disruption of attention by social threat cues

Rejection sensitivity and disruption of attention by social threat cues
Rejection sensitivity and disruption of attention by social threat cues
Two studies tested the hypothesis that Rejection Sensitivity (RS) increases vulnerability to disruption of attention by social threat cues, as would be consistent with prior evidence that it motivates individuals to prioritize detecting and managing potential rejection at a cost to other personal and interpersonal goals. In Study 1, RS predicted disruption of ongoing goal-directed attention by social threat but not negative or neutral words in an Emotional Stroop task. In Study 2, RS predicted attentional avoidance of threatening but not pleasant faces in a Visual Probe task. Threat-avoidant attention was also associated with features of borderline personality disorder. This research extends understanding of processes by which RS contributes to a self-perpetuating cycle of interpersonal problems and distress.
rejection sensitivity, attention, emotional stroop, visual probe, borderline personality disorder
0092-6566
1064-1072
Berenson, Kathy
8cffc44b-d763-40f0-8c22-05d14a3ac805
Gyurak, Anett
61f40d1e-090e-4887-8844-1d0fb00c04e6
Ayduk, Ozlem
abf1e925-b139-4256-970a-4861c1e0a4d0
Downey, Geraldine
c422a517-9898-49c9-ad42-c841f653b0c6
Garner, Matthew. J.
3221c5b3-b951-4fec-b456-ec449e4ce072
Mogg, Karin
5f1474af-85f5-4fd3-8eb6-0371be848e30
Bradley, Brendan P.
bdacaa6c-528b-4086-9448-27ebfe463514
Pine, Daniel S.
debffc1c-1efc-4bcf-81b3-87aadee1047d
Berenson, Kathy
8cffc44b-d763-40f0-8c22-05d14a3ac805
Gyurak, Anett
61f40d1e-090e-4887-8844-1d0fb00c04e6
Ayduk, Ozlem
abf1e925-b139-4256-970a-4861c1e0a4d0
Downey, Geraldine
c422a517-9898-49c9-ad42-c841f653b0c6
Garner, Matthew. J.
3221c5b3-b951-4fec-b456-ec449e4ce072
Mogg, Karin
5f1474af-85f5-4fd3-8eb6-0371be848e30
Bradley, Brendan P.
bdacaa6c-528b-4086-9448-27ebfe463514
Pine, Daniel S.
debffc1c-1efc-4bcf-81b3-87aadee1047d

Berenson, Kathy, Gyurak, Anett, Ayduk, Ozlem, Downey, Geraldine, Garner, Matthew. J., Mogg, Karin, Bradley, Brendan P. and Pine, Daniel S. (2009) Rejection sensitivity and disruption of attention by social threat cues. Journal of Research in Personality, 43 (6), 1064-1072. (doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.07.007).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Two studies tested the hypothesis that Rejection Sensitivity (RS) increases vulnerability to disruption of attention by social threat cues, as would be consistent with prior evidence that it motivates individuals to prioritize detecting and managing potential rejection at a cost to other personal and interpersonal goals. In Study 1, RS predicted disruption of ongoing goal-directed attention by social threat but not negative or neutral words in an Emotional Stroop task. In Study 2, RS predicted attentional avoidance of threatening but not pleasant faces in a Visual Probe task. Threat-avoidant attention was also associated with features of borderline personality disorder. This research extends understanding of processes by which RS contributes to a self-perpetuating cycle of interpersonal problems and distress.

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More information

Submitted date: July 2009
Published date: December 2009
Keywords: rejection sensitivity, attention, emotional stroop, visual probe, borderline personality disorder

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 67019
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/67019
ISSN: 0092-6566
PURE UUID: 4af0b702-d06b-419a-99d2-f188d0931aba
ORCID for Brendan P. Bradley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2801-4271

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Date deposited: 30 Jul 2009
Last modified: 05 Nov 2019 01:54

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