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Estimating propensity scores with missing covariate data using general location mixture models

Mitra, Robin and Reiter, Jerome P. (2009) Estimating propensity scores with missing covariate data using general location mixture models , Southampton, UK Southampton Statistical Sciences Reseach Institute 47pp. (S3RI Methodology working papers, M09/13).

Record type: Monograph (Working Paper)


In many observational studies, researchers estimate causal effects using propensity scores, e.g., by matching or sub-classifying on the scores. Estimation of propensity scores is complicated when some values of the covariates are
missing. We propose to use multiple imputation to create completed datasets, from which propensity scores can be estimated, with a general location mixture model. The model assumes that the control units are a latent mixture of (i)
units whose covariates are drawn from the same distributions as the treated units’ covariates and (ii) units whose covariates are drawn from different distributions. This formulation reduces the influence of control units outside the treated units’ region of the covariate space on the estimation of parameters in the imputation model, which can result in more plausible imputations and better balance in the true covariate distributions. We illustrate the benefits of 1 the latent class modeling approach with simulations and with an observational
study of the effect of breast feeding on children’s cognitive abilities.

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Published date: 4 August 2009
Keywords: latent class, missing data, multiple imputation, observational studies, propensity score


Local EPrints ID: 67154
PURE UUID: 9669b728-280e-4205-94bb-9f3b7f5f15c2

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Date deposited: 06 Aug 2009
Last modified: 19 Jul 2017 00:20

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Author: Robin Mitra
Author: Jerome P. Reiter

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