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Breast-feeding and adherence to infant feeding guidelines do not influence bone mass at age 4 years

Harvey, Nicholas C., Robinson, Sian M., Crozier, Sarah R., Marriott, Lynne D., Gale, Catharine R., Cole, Zoe A., Inskip, Hazel M., Godfrey, Keith M. and Cooper, Cyrus (2009) Breast-feeding and adherence to infant feeding guidelines do not influence bone mass at age 4 years British Journal of Nutrition, 102, (6), pp. 915-920.

Record type: Article


The impact of variations in current infant feeding practice on bone mineral accrual is not known. We examined the associations between duration of breast-feeding and compliance with infant dietary guidelines and later bone size and density at age 4 years. At total of 599 (318 boys) mother-child pairs were recruited from the Southampton Women's Survey. Duration of breast-feeding was recorded and infant diet was assessed at 6 and 12 months using FFQ. At 6 and 12 months the most important dietary pattern, defined by principal component analysis, was characterised by high consumption of vegetables, fruits and home-prepared foods. As this was consistent with infant feeding recommendations, it was denoted the 'infant guidelines' pattern. At age 4 years, children underwent assessment of whole-body bone size and density using a Hologic Discovery dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry instrument. Correlation methods were used to explore the relationships between infant dietary variables and bone mineral. There was no association between duration of breast-feeding in the first year of life and 4-year bone size or density. 'Infant guidelines' pattern scores at 6 and 12 months were also unrelated to bone mass at age 4 years. We observed wide variations in current infant feeding practice, but these variations were not associated with differences in childhood bone mass at age 4 years

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Published date: April 2009
Keywords: osteoporosis epidemiology, growth, infant diet, guidelines, peak bone mass


Local EPrints ID: 68835
ISSN: 0007-1145
PURE UUID: 6707d623-86ed-42d2-817a-76929100a7d3
ORCID for Sian M. Robinson: ORCID iD
ORCID for Hazel M. Inskip: ORCID iD
ORCID for Keith M. Godfrey: ORCID iD
ORCID for Cyrus Cooper: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 06 Oct 2009
Last modified: 29 Aug 2017 01:56

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Author: Sarah R. Crozier
Author: Lynne D. Marriott
Author: Zoe A. Cole
Author: Hazel M. Inskip ORCID iD
Author: Cyrus Cooper ORCID iD

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