The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Do women change their health behaviours in pregnancy? Findings from the Southampton Women's Survey

Crozier, Sarah R., Robinson, Siân. M., Borland, Sharon E., Godfrey, Keith M., Cooper, Cyrus and Inskip, Hazel M. (2009) Do women change their health behaviours in pregnancy? Findings from the Southampton Women's Survey Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 23, (5), pp. 446-453.

Record type: Article

Abstract

A woman's life style choices before and during pregnancy have important implications for her unborn child, but information on behaviour can be unreliable when data are collected retrospectively. In particular there are no large longitudinal datasets that include information collected prospectively before pregnancy to allow accurate description of changes in behaviour into pregnancy. The Southampton Women's Survey is a longitudinal study of women in Southampton, UK, characterised when they were not pregnant and again during pregnancy. The objective of the analyses presented here is to describe the degree to which women comply with diet and life style recommendations before and during pregnancy, and changes between these time points. The analyses are based on 1490 women who delivered between 1998 and 2003 and who provided information before pregnancy and at 11 and 34 weeks' gestation. At each time point a trained research nurse ascertained smoking status and assessed food and drink consumption using a food frequency questionnaire. We derived the proportions of women who complied with recommendations not to smoke, to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables per day and to drink no more than four units of alcohol per week and 300 mg of caffeine per day.
There was a notable reduction in smoking when women became pregnant: before pregnancy 27% of women smoked, whereas in early pregnancy 15% smoked. Similarly there were significant reductions in alcohol consumption and intake of caffeinated drinks: before pregnancy 54% of women drank more than four units of alcohol per week and 39% had estimated intakes of caffeine in drinks of >300 mg per day, whereas comparable figures for early pregnancy were 10% and 16% respectively. However, there was little change in fruit and vegetable intake; the percentages of women who did not achieve the recommendation to eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables per week were 47% before pregnancy and 46% in early pregnancy. Younger women and those with fewer educational qualifications were less likely to comply with public health recommendations. Overall, 81% of women in early pregnancy complied with at least three of the recommendations. Although there is encouraging evidence of changed health behaviours in pregnancy, young women and those with few educational qualifications may particularly benefit from targeted health initiatives

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: September 2009
Keywords: pregnancy, smoking, alcohol drinking, fruit and vegetables, caffeinated drinks

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 68843
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/68843
ISSN: 0269-5022
PURE UUID: 13a36962-8226-4614-8f9f-63ff62e860e7
ORCID for Siân. M. Robinson: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1766-7269
ORCID for Keith M. Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618
ORCID for Cyrus Cooper: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3510-0709
ORCID for Hazel M. Inskip: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8897-1749

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 06 Oct 2009
Last modified: 27 Aug 2017 01:15

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×