The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Mean sea level trends around the English Channel over the 20th century and their wider context

Mean sea level trends around the English Channel over the 20th century and their wider context
Mean sea level trends around the English Channel over the 20th century and their wider context
This paper provides estimates of rates of change in mean sea level around the English Channel, based on an extensive new hourly sea level data set for the south coast of the UK, derived from data archaeology. Mean sea level trends are found to vary by between 0.8 and 2.3 mm/yr around the Channel. The rates of mean sea level change are calculated by removing the coherent part of the sea level variability from the time series of annual mean sea level before fitting linear trends. The improvement in accuracy gained by using this approach is assessed by comparing trends with those calculated using the more traditional method, in which linear trends are fitted directly to the original records. Removal of the coherent part of the sea level variability allows more precise trends to be calculated from records spanning 30 years. With the traditional approach 50 years is required to obtain the same level of accuracy. Rates of vertical land movement are approximated by subtracting the mean sea level trends from the most recent regional estimate of change in sea level due to oceanographic processes only. These estimated rates are compared to measurements from geological data and advanced geodetic techniques. There is good agreement around most of the UK. However, the rates estimated from the sea level records imply that the geological data suggest too much submergence along the western and central parts of the UK south coast. Lastly, the paper evaluates whether the high rates of mean sea level rise of the last decade are unusual compared to trends observed at other periods in the historical record and finds that they are not.

mean sea level, astronomical tides, climate changes, extremes, english channel
0278-4343
2083-2098
Haigh, Ivan
945ff20a-589c-47b7-b06f-61804367eb2d
Nicholls, Robert
4ce1e355-cc5d-4702-8124-820932c57076
Wells, Neil
4c27167c-f972-4822-9614-d6ca8d8223b5
Haigh, Ivan
945ff20a-589c-47b7-b06f-61804367eb2d
Nicholls, Robert
4ce1e355-cc5d-4702-8124-820932c57076
Wells, Neil
4c27167c-f972-4822-9614-d6ca8d8223b5

Haigh, Ivan, Nicholls, Robert and Wells, Neil (2009) Mean sea level trends around the English Channel over the 20th century and their wider context. Continental Shelf Research, 29 (17), 2083-2098. (doi:10.1016/j.csr.2009.07.013).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper provides estimates of rates of change in mean sea level around the English Channel, based on an extensive new hourly sea level data set for the south coast of the UK, derived from data archaeology. Mean sea level trends are found to vary by between 0.8 and 2.3 mm/yr around the Channel. The rates of mean sea level change are calculated by removing the coherent part of the sea level variability from the time series of annual mean sea level before fitting linear trends. The improvement in accuracy gained by using this approach is assessed by comparing trends with those calculated using the more traditional method, in which linear trends are fitted directly to the original records. Removal of the coherent part of the sea level variability allows more precise trends to be calculated from records spanning 30 years. With the traditional approach 50 years is required to obtain the same level of accuracy. Rates of vertical land movement are approximated by subtracting the mean sea level trends from the most recent regional estimate of change in sea level due to oceanographic processes only. These estimated rates are compared to measurements from geological data and advanced geodetic techniques. There is good agreement around most of the UK. However, the rates estimated from the sea level records imply that the geological data suggest too much submergence along the western and central parts of the UK south coast. Lastly, the paper evaluates whether the high rates of mean sea level rise of the last decade are unusual compared to trends observed at other periods in the historical record and finds that they are not.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 30 September 2009
Keywords: mean sea level, astronomical tides, climate changes, extremes, english channel
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science, Civil Engineering & the Environment, Physical Oceanography, Coastal & Shelf Research

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 69139
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/69139
ISSN: 0278-4343
PURE UUID: 2abe330a-10a1-419e-b2f1-e731f33307ad
ORCID for Robert Nicholls: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9715-1109

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Oct 2009
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 00:59

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×