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Neonatal anthropometry: thin-fat phenotype in fourth to fifth generation south Asian neonates in Surinam

van Steijn, L., Karamali, N.S., Kanhai, H.H.H., Ariëns, G.A.M., Fall, C.H.D., Yajnik, C.S., Middelkoop, B.J.C. and Tamsma, J.T. (2009) Neonatal anthropometry: thin-fat phenotype in fourth to fifth generation south Asian neonates in Surinam International Journal of Obesity, 33, (11), pp. 1326-1329. (doi:10.1038/ijo.2009.154).

Record type: Article


We assessed whether the earlier described 'thin-fat phenotype' is present in Surinam South Asian babies of the fourth to fifth generation after migration from India. In this observational study we collected data from 39 South Asian term neonates and their mothers in Paramaribo, Surinam. We compared the following data with data from an earlier study in Southampton, UK (338 neonates) and in Pune, India (631 neonates): maternal body mass index, neonatal weight, length, head, mid-upper arm and abdominal circumferences and subscapular skinfold thickness. The mothers in Paramaribo were older than the Southampton mothers; their body mass index was comparable. Mean birth weight was 3159 g (Southampton: 3494 g; Pune: 2666 g). Compared with Southampton babies, the Paramaribo babies were smaller in nearly all body measurements, the smallest being abdominal circumference at the umbilicus level (s.d. score: -1.62; 95% confidence interval (CI): -2.07 to -1.16) and mid-upper arm circumference (s.d. score: -1.08; 95% CI: -1.46 to -0.69). In contrast, subscapular skinfold thickness was similar (s.d. score: +0.08; 95% CI: -0.24 to +0.55). Except for subscapular skinfold thickness and length, all neonatal measurements were intermediate between those from Southampton and Pune. The thin-fat phenotype is preserved in Surinam South Asian neonates of the fourth to fifth generation after migration from India

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Published date: November 2009
Keywords: south asians, surinam, migration, diabetes, neonatal anthropometry, fetal origins hypothesis


Local EPrints ID: 69773
ISSN: 0307-0565
PURE UUID: 9451746f-c05d-4b66-9904-c6d79fd0099a

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Date deposited: 04 Dec 2009
Last modified: 19 Jul 2017 00:06

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Author: L. van Steijn
Author: N.S. Karamali
Author: H.H.H. Kanhai
Author: G.A.M. Ariëns
Author: C.H.D. Fall
Author: C.S. Yajnik
Author: B.J.C. Middelkoop
Author: J.T. Tamsma

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