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Effect of physical exercise on bodyweight in overweight children: a randomized controlled trial in a Brazilian slum

Effect of physical exercise on bodyweight in overweight children: a randomized controlled trial in a Brazilian slum
Effect of physical exercise on bodyweight in overweight children: a randomized controlled trial in a Brazilian slum
Given the increase in obesity in developed and developing countries and its concomitant morbidity, successful treatment approaches are needed. We examined the effect of a structured exercise intervention in overweight children in a slum in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. This was a randomized, controlled efficacy trial. Seventy-eight children were randomized. Exercise was supervised, consisting of three 50' group aerobics sessions per week for six months. All participants maintained ad libitum diets. Based on intention-to-treat analyses, children in both groups had a significant increase in weight at follow-up (p-value for within-group increase < or = 0.01). The increase in weight was significantly lower in the exercise group (mean difference between groups; -1.37; 95%CI: -2.00; -0.74). A significant difference (p = 0.049) between the exercise and control groups at six-month follow-up was also found for BMI (mean difference between groups; -0.53; 95%CI: -1.06; -0.002). When we restricted the analyses to children who completed the trial (intervention = 30 and control = 38), the results were the same. An exercise program for children, sustained for six months, was effective for reducing weight gain in overweight children living in a very poor neighborhood.
nutritional epidemiology, obesity, overweight, physical education and training, child
0102-311X
S353-S359
Alves, Joao Guilherme B.
80126c96-d5c4-4fdc-9979-9f3b0d6426ab
Gale, Catherine R.
5bb2abb3-7b53-42d6-8aa7-817e193140c8
Souza, Edvaldo
a65cb3ff-944a-4551-a1b6-f22f1576d251
Batty, G. David
605ce199-493d-4238-b9c8-a2c076672e83
Alves, Joao Guilherme B.
80126c96-d5c4-4fdc-9979-9f3b0d6426ab
Gale, Catherine R.
5bb2abb3-7b53-42d6-8aa7-817e193140c8
Souza, Edvaldo
a65cb3ff-944a-4551-a1b6-f22f1576d251
Batty, G. David
605ce199-493d-4238-b9c8-a2c076672e83

Alves, Joao Guilherme B., Gale, Catherine R., Souza, Edvaldo and Batty, G. David (2008) Effect of physical exercise on bodyweight in overweight children: a randomized controlled trial in a Brazilian slum. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 24 (2), S353-S359. (doi:10.1590/S0102-311X2008001400020).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Given the increase in obesity in developed and developing countries and its concomitant morbidity, successful treatment approaches are needed. We examined the effect of a structured exercise intervention in overweight children in a slum in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. This was a randomized, controlled efficacy trial. Seventy-eight children were randomized. Exercise was supervised, consisting of three 50' group aerobics sessions per week for six months. All participants maintained ad libitum diets. Based on intention-to-treat analyses, children in both groups had a significant increase in weight at follow-up (p-value for within-group increase < or = 0.01). The increase in weight was significantly lower in the exercise group (mean difference between groups; -1.37; 95%CI: -2.00; -0.74). A significant difference (p = 0.049) between the exercise and control groups at six-month follow-up was also found for BMI (mean difference between groups; -0.53; 95%CI: -1.06; -0.002). When we restricted the analyses to children who completed the trial (intervention = 30 and control = 38), the results were the same. An exercise program for children, sustained for six months, was effective for reducing weight gain in overweight children living in a very poor neighborhood.

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More information

Published date: 2008
Additional Information: Abstract in English - Article in Portuguese
Keywords: nutritional epidemiology, obesity, overweight, physical education and training, child

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 70269
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/70269
ISSN: 0102-311X
PURE UUID: a181069a-9ac0-4bbd-a2f9-aec1efc7613a
ORCID for Catherine R. Gale: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3361-8638

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Mar 2010
Last modified: 17 Sep 2019 01:07

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