Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48 (2009) 03A065 (8 pages)  |Previous Article| |Next Article|  |Table of Contents|
|Full Text PDF (646K)| |Buy This Article|

Towards Femtojoule Nanoparticle Phase-Change Memory

Andrey I. Denisyuk, Kevin F. MacDonald, F. Javier García de Abajo1, and Nikolay I. Zheludev

Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom
1Instituto de Óptica—CSIC, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid, Spain

(Received September 16, 2008; accepted December 23, 2008; published online March 23, 2009)

In this article we review the concept of electron-beam-addressed high density phase-change nanoparticle memory, where information is written in the phase state of gallium nanoparticles by electron beam excitation, and read-out via measurements of cathodoluminescent emission. The high spatial resolution provided by a focused electron beam, far below the optical diffraction limit, offers the possibility of addressing individual nanoparticles within a close-packed array, thereby enabling a new conceptual basis for high density phase-change memory.

DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.48.03A065

|Full Text PDF (646K)| |Buy This Article| Citation:

References | Citing Articles (2)

  1. R. Kirchain and L. Kimerling: Nat. Photonics 1 (2007) 303.
  2. A. Jenkins: Nat. Photonics 2 (2008) 258.
  3. R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma: Mater. Today 9 (2006) Nos. 7–8, 20.
  4. E. Ozbay: Science 311 (2006) 189[Science].
  5. D. Pacifici, H. J. Lezec, and H. Atwater: Nat. Photonics 1 (2007) 402.
  6. M.-S. Hu, H.-L. Chen, C.-H. Shen, L.-S. Hong, B.-R. Huang, K.-H. Chen, and L.-C. Chen: Nat. Mater. 5 (2006) 102.
  7. P. Ahonen, D. J. Schiffrin, J. Paprotny, and K. Kontturi: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9 (2007) 651.
  8. Y. Leroux, E. Eang, C. Fave, G. Trippe, and J. C. Lacroix: Electrochem. Commun. 9 (2007) 1258.
  9. M. Wuttig: Nat. Mater. 4 (2005) 265.
  10. N. I. Zheludev: Nat. Photonics 1 (2007) 551.
  11. A. V. Krasavin and N. I. Zheludev: Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004) 1416[AIP Scitation].
  12. M. Rini, A. Cavalleri, R. W. Schoenlein, R. Lopéz, L. C. Feldman, R. F. Haglund, L. A. Boatner, and T. E. Haynes: Opt. Lett. 30 (2005) 558.
  13. K. F. MacDonald, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev: Appl. Phys. Lett. 82 (2003) 1087[AIP Scitation].
  14. M. Bernasconi, G. L. Chiarotti, and E. Tosatti: Phys. Rev. B 52 (1995) 9988[APS].
  15. N. R. Comins: Philos. Mag. 25 (1972) 817.
  16. A. Di Cicco: Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 (1998) 2942[APS].
  17. A. Defrain: J. Chim. Phys. 74 (1977) 851.
  18. L. Bosio: J. Chem. Phys. 68 (1978) 1221[AIP Scitation].
  19. R. S. Berry and B. M. Smirnov: J. Chem. Phys. 113 (2000) 728[AIP Scitation].
  20. M. Wautelet: J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16 (2004) L163[IoP STACKS].
  21. A. S. Shirinyan and M. Wautelet: Nanotechnology 15 (2004) 1720[IoP STACKS].
  22. B. F. Soares, M. V. Bashevoy, F. Jonsson, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev: Opt. Express 14 (2006) 10652.
  23. M. Wautelet: J. Phys. D 24 (1991) 343[IoP STACKS].
  24. B. F. Soares, F. Jonsson, and N. I. Zheludev: Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 (2007) 153905[APS].
  25. P. D. Townsend, M. Maghrabi, and B. Yang: Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B 191 (2002) 767.
  26. Y. C. Chang, A. L. Cai, A. L. Johnson, J. F. Muth, R. M. Kolbas, Z. J. Reitmeier, S. Einfeldt, and R. F. Davis: Appl. Phys. Lett. 80 (2002) 2675[AIP Scitation].
  27. K. C. Hui, C. W. Lai, and H. C. Ong: Thin Solid Films 483 (2005) 222[Elsevier].
  28. A. I. Denisyuk, F. Jonsson, K. F. MacDonald, F. J. García de Abajo, and N. I. Zheludev: Appl. Phys. Lett. 92 (2008) 093112[AIP Scitation].
  29. N. Yamamoto, K. Araya, A. Toda, and H. Sugiyama: Surf. Interface Anal. 31 (2001) 79.
  30. O. Hunderi and R. Ryberg: J. Phys. F 4 (1974) 2096[IoP STACKS].
  31. V. L. Ginzburg: Phys. Scr. T2A (1982) 182.
  32. R. Kofman, P. Cheyssac, and J. Richard: Phys. Rev. B 16 (1977) 5216[APS].
  33. R. S. Teshev and A. A. Shebzukhov: Opt. Spectrosc. 65 (1988) 693.
  34. K. Kanaya and S. Okayama: J. Phys. D 5 (1972) 43[IoP STACKS].
  35. Y. Lu, G. L. Liu, and L. P. Lee: Nano Lett. 5 (2005) 5.
  36. L. Cao, D. N. Barsic, A. R. Guichard, and M. L. Brongersma: Nano Lett. 7 (2007) 3523.
  37. T. Ogawa, Y. Takahashi, H. Yang, K. Kimura, M. Sakurai, and M. Takahashi: Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 5539[IoP STACKS].
  38. A. M. Gobin, M. H. Lee, N. J. Halas, W. D. James, R. A. Drezek, and J. L. West: Nano Lett. 7 (2007) 1929.
  39. P. C. Wu, T. Kim, A. S. Brown, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, and H. O. Everitt: Appl. Phys. Lett. 90 (2007) 103119[AIP Scitation].
  40. E. Sondergärd, R. Kofman, P. Cheyssac, and A. Stella: Surf. Sci. 364 (1996) 467[Elsevier].
  41. H. Brune: Surf. Sci. Rep. 31 (1998) 125.
  42. H. Brune, M. Giovannini, K. Bromann, and K. Kern: Nature 394 (1998) 451[CrossRef].
  43. S. Y. Park, T. Isobe, M. Senna, R. A. Weeks, and R. A. Zuhr: Appl. Phys. Lett. 73 (1998) 2687[AIP Scitation].
  44. A. Nahal, H. R. M. Khalesifard, and J. Mostafavi-Amjad: Appl. Phys. B 79 (2004) 513.
  45. H. Ouacha, C. Hendrich, F. Hubenthal, and F. Träger: Appl. Phys. B 81 (2005) 663.
  46. R. Jin, Y. W. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Shatz, and J. G. Zheng: Science 294 (2001) 1901[Science].
  47. K. F. MacDonald, V. A. Fedotov, S. Pochon, K. J. Ross, G. C. Stevens, N. I. Zheludev, W. S. Brocklesby, and V. I. Emel'yanov: Appl. Phys. Lett. 80 (2002) 1643[AIP Scitation].
  48. V. A. Fedotov, K. F. MacDonald, V. I. Emel'yanov, and N. I. Zheludev: J. Appl. Phys. 93 (2003) 3540[AIP Scitation].
  49. R. D. Averitt, D. Sarkar, and N. J. Halas: Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 (1997) 4217[APS].
  50. E. Prodan and P. Nordlander: Nano Lett. 3 (2003) 543.
  51. F. J. García de Abajo and A. Howie: Phys. Rev. B 65 (2002) 115418[APS].

|TOP|  |Previous Article| |Next Article|  |Table of Contents| |JJAP Home|
Copyright © 2010 The Japan Society of Applied Physics
Contact Information