The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Boundary element simulations of the transfer function of human heads and baffled pinnae using accurate geometric models

Kahana, Yuvi and Nelson, Philip A. (2007) Boundary element simulations of the transfer function of human heads and baffled pinnae using accurate geometric models Journal of Sound and Vibration, 300, (3-5), pp. 552-579. (doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2006.06.079).

Record type: Article


This paper investigates various aspects of numerically modelled individualised head-related (and pinna-related) transfer functions (HRTF). The computer simulations are based on the exact solution of the wave equation using the boundary element method (BEM). The basic features of the HRTF are investigated with accurate geometric models of two heads and six pinnae which are captured by using state-of-the-art three-dimensional (3-D) laser scanners and digitisers. These computer models are converted to valid BEM models and their frequency response is simulated. We present the results of simulated HRTFs, and show the inter-variability of the response among six baffled pinnae modelled in identical conditions. With current computing hardware power, and vigilant optimisation of the manipulated mesh models and the solving procedures, heads with pinnae (but without torso) can be investigated at least up to 10 kHz, and baffled pinnae can be investigated up to 20 kHz. We conclude that it is possible to implement individualised HRTFs in a 3-D sound system or an auditory display, without the need for measurements in an anechoic chamber, if highly accurate 3-D images of the head and pinnae are captured and modelled with BEM.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 6 March 2007


Local EPrints ID: 71458
ISSN: 0022-460X
PURE UUID: 88eb5654-9164-4304-af00-204cc3c50bb2

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Feb 2010
Last modified: 19 Jul 2017 00:00

Export record


Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.