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Mesh morphing for finite element analysis of implant positioning in cementless total hip replacements

Record type: Article

Finite element (FE) analysis of the effect of implant positioning on the performance of cementless total hip replacements (THRs) requires the generation of multiple meshes to account for positioning variability. This process can be labour intensive and time consuming as CAD operations are needed each time a specific orientation is to be analysed. In the present work, a mesh morphing technique is developed to automate the model generation process. The volume mesh of a baseline femur with the implant in a nominal position is deformed as the prosthesis location is varied. A virtual deformation field, obtained by solving a linear elasticity problem with appropriate boundary conditions, is applied. The effectiveness of the technique is evaluated using two metrics: the percentages of morphed elements exceeding an aspect ratio of 20 and an angle of 165° between the adjacent edges of each tetrahedron. Results show that for 100 different implant positions, the first and second metrics never exceed 3% and 3.5%, respectively. To further validate the proposed technique, FE contact analyses are conducted using three selected morphed models to predict the strain distribution in the bone and the implant micromotion under joint and muscle loading. The entire bone strain distribution is well captured and both percentages of bone volume with strain exceeding 0.7% and bone average strains are accurately computed. The results generated from the morphed mesh models correlate well with those for models generated from scratch, increasing confidence in the methodology. This morphing technique forms an accurate and efficient basis for FE based implant orientation and stability analysis of cementless hip replacements

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Citation

Bah, Mamadou T., Nair, Prasanth B. and Browne, Martin Browne (2009) Mesh morphing for finite element analysis of implant positioning in cementless total hip replacements Medical Engineering & Physics, 31, (10), pp. 1235-1243. (doi:10.1016/j.medengphy.2009.08.001).

More information

Published date: December 2009
Organisations: Computational Engineering and Design, Bioengineering Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 71582
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/71582
ISSN: 1350-4533
PURE UUID: 2b46566d-5a16-4f6d-8fa1-16ebf8e91f00
ORCID for Martin Browne Browne: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5184-050X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Dec 2009
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 23:59

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