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The role of bacterial biofilms in infections of catheters and shunts

Rolighed Thomsen, Trine, Hall-Stoodley, Luanne, Stoodley, Paul and Moser, Claus (2011) The role of bacterial biofilms in infections of catheters and shunts In, Bjarnsholt, Thomas, Jensen, Peter Østrup, Moser, Claus and Niels, Høiby (eds.) Biofilm Infections. New York, USA, Springer pp. 91-110. (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-6084-9_6).

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

Catheters and shunts are tubes which are used to manage the flow of fluids into, within, and out of the body. Intravascular (IV) catheters deliver fluids and medications directly into the bloodstream, while urinary catheters drain waste fluids. In some cases devices such as cerebral ventricular shunts drain fluid from the brain, to another part of the body, such as the heart or stomach where the fluids are processed internally. There are numerous indications for catheter use in a wide variety of anatomic sites and for treating many chronic diseases. Urinary or IV catheters might be placed for a few hours for patient management during a surgical procedure, radiological scan during a surgical procedure, or during an imaging examination. Some catheters may have an anticipated lifetime of months or years in certain patients. Catheters can be transcutaneous, where by definition, they breach the protective skin barrier (i.e. IV catheters and external ventricular drains), be inserted into natural orifices (i.e. urinary and nasogastric catheters) or be completely indwelling (i.e. cerebral ventricular shunts). In the broadest sense, endotracheal tubes and ear tubes might be considered catheters since they are tubes designed to facilitate the transport of fluids (air or liquid) into and out of the body. Some of the more common catheters are listed in Table 1. In addition to catheters, stents and cannulae are also often used for the transport of fluids into and out of the body. A stent is a 'tube' inserted into a vessel or other conduit in the body to prevent or treat stenosis, or constriction e.g. of a vessel, esophagus or ductus choledocus.

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More information

Published date: 2011
Additional Information: The National Centre for Advanced Tribology at Southampton (nCATS)

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 71673
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/71673
ISBN: 9781441960832
PURE UUID: 596249f9-6771-4470-b368-efa882a691a8

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Date deposited: 04 Jan 2010
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 23:59

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Contributors

Author: Trine Rolighed Thomsen
Author: Luanne Hall-Stoodley
Author: Paul Stoodley
Author: Claus Moser
Editor: Thomas Bjarnsholt
Editor: Peter Østrup Jensen
Editor: Claus Moser
Editor: Høiby Niels

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