Development of a 20-item food frequency questionnaire to assess a 'prudent' dietary pattern among young women in Southampton

Crozier, S.R., Inskip, H.M., Barker, M.E., Lawrence, W.T., Cooper, C. and Robinson, S.M. (2010) Development of a 20-item food frequency questionnaire to assess a 'prudent' dietary pattern among young women in Southampton European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 64, (1), pp. 99-104. (doi:10.1038/ejcn.2009.114). (PMID:19756032).


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Objective: to develop a short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) that can be used among young women in Southampton to assess compliance with a prudent dietary pattern characterized by high consumption of wholemeal bread, fruit and vegetables, and low consumption of sugar, white bread, and red and processed meat.

Methods: diet was assessed using a 100-item interviewer-administered FFQ in 6129 non-pregnant women aged 20–34 years. In total, 94 of these women were re-interviewed 2 years later using the same FFQ. Subsequently, diet was assessed in 378 women attending SureStart Children's Centres in the Nutrition and Well-being Study (NWS) using a 20-item FFQ. The 20 foods included were those that characterized the prudent dietary pattern.

Results: the 20-item prudent diet score was highly correlated with the full 100-item score (r=0.94) in the Southampton Women's Survey (SWS). Both scores were correlated with red blood cell folate (r=0.28 for the 100-item score and r=0.25 for the 20-item score). Among the women re-interviewed after 2 years, the change in prudent diet score was correlated with change in red cell folate for both the 20-item (rS=0.31) and 100-item scores (rS=0.32). In the NWS a strong association between the 20-item prudent diet score and educational attainment (r=0.41) was observed, similar to that seen in the SWS (r=0.47).

Conclusions: the prudent diet pattern describes a robust axis of variation in diet. A 20-item FFQ based on the foods that characterize the prudent diet pattern has clear advantages in terms of time and resources, and is a helpful tool to characterize the diets of young women in Southampton

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1038/ejcn.2009.114
ISSNs: 0954-3007 (print)
Keywords: food frequency questionnaire, principal component analysis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
ePrint ID: 72050
Date :
Date Event
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2010
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 20:58
Further Information:Google Scholar

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