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Coherent manipulation of ultracold Rubidium

Coherent manipulation of ultracold Rubidium
Coherent manipulation of ultracold Rubidium
The production of dense samples of atoms whose translational velocity can be parameterized by temperatures in the microkelvin range has revolutionized the fields of spectroscopy, metrology, quantum computing and sensitive tests of quantum mechanics. Such ultracold temperatures may be reached by Doppler cooling which uses a velocity sensitive scattering force. This technique relies upon atoms which have closed electronic transitions between two states so that the atoms may continuously absorb photon momenta and do not spontaneous decay into a dark state. Very few atoms fulfil this condition and attempts to cool molecules are inhibited by their extra degrees of freedom, via rotation and vibration, which add manifolds of extra states.
This thesis describes the early experimental stages of investigation into coherent laser atom interactions which may be used as a general all-optical method to impart momentumto atoms and molecules and thus manipulate their velocity. The thesis covers the construction and operation of stable diode lasers, a magneto-optical trap to produce cold samples of the test species Rubidium and a high-power, phase and intensity, controllable laser to induce Raman transitions. Studies into the spectroscopy of Rubidium and the nature of coherent Raman interactions in multilevel atoms is also covered. Experimental results shows that coherent Raman transitions between the 5S1/2 ground states has beenachieved in the form of sinc-squared line shapes and Rabi-flopping.
Himsworth, Matthew
24e9b896-b4d3-40f7-8047-82a38efa4898
Himsworth, Matthew
24e9b896-b4d3-40f7-8047-82a38efa4898
Freegarde, T.
01a5f53b-d406-44fb-a166-d8da9128ea7d

Himsworth, Matthew (2009) Coherent manipulation of ultracold Rubidium. University of Southampton, School of Physics and Astronomy, Doctoral Thesis, 207pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The production of dense samples of atoms whose translational velocity can be parameterized by temperatures in the microkelvin range has revolutionized the fields of spectroscopy, metrology, quantum computing and sensitive tests of quantum mechanics. Such ultracold temperatures may be reached by Doppler cooling which uses a velocity sensitive scattering force. This technique relies upon atoms which have closed electronic transitions between two states so that the atoms may continuously absorb photon momenta and do not spontaneous decay into a dark state. Very few atoms fulfil this condition and attempts to cool molecules are inhibited by their extra degrees of freedom, via rotation and vibration, which add manifolds of extra states.
This thesis describes the early experimental stages of investigation into coherent laser atom interactions which may be used as a general all-optical method to impart momentumto atoms and molecules and thus manipulate their velocity. The thesis covers the construction and operation of stable diode lasers, a magneto-optical trap to produce cold samples of the test species Rubidium and a high-power, phase and intensity, controllable laser to induce Raman transitions. Studies into the spectroscopy of Rubidium and the nature of coherent Raman interactions in multilevel atoms is also covered. Experimental results shows that coherent Raman transitions between the 5S1/2 ground states has beenachieved in the form of sinc-squared line shapes and Rabi-flopping.

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Published date: September 2009

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 72369
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/72369
PURE UUID: 9e99172d-1205-4ce8-aa2e-4e4d7051d93a
ORCID for T. Freegarde: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0680-1330

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 09 Feb 2010
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 03:13

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Contributors

Author: Matthew Himsworth
Thesis advisor: T. Freegarde ORCID iD

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