The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Social determinants of nutrient intake in smokers and non-smokers during pregnancy

Haste, F.M., Brooke, O.G., Anderson, H.R., Bland, J.M. and Peacock, J.L. (1990) Social determinants of nutrient intake in smokers and non-smokers during pregnancy Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 44, (3), pp. 205-209. (doi:10.1136/jech.44.3.205).

Record type: Article

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to investigate the effects of social factors (education, income, marital status, partners' employment status, housing tenure, social class), smoking, and maternal height on the dietary intake of pregnant women. DESIGN--The study was a prospective investigation on a two phase sample. SETTING--The study involved women attending the antenatal clinic at a district general hospital. PATIENTS--A group of pregnant Caucasian women, selected because they were heavy smokers (15+ cigarettes/day) (n = 94) and a randomly selected sample of never smokers (n = 112) were studied. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS--Data on social factors were collected by interviewer administered questionnaire. A 7 day weighed intake method was used to determine dietary intake at 28 weeks gestation. In univariate analyses, income, housing tenure and social class had significant effects on intakes of both macro- and micronutrients, and maternal education and smoking had significant effects on intakes of micronutrients. Using a stepwise multivariate analysis with income, smoking and maternal education, income was a significant factor in the intake of most nutrients but this effect disappeared when social class and housing tenure factors were entered into the model. Only social class and housing tenure had any significant effect on intakes of macronutrients--energy, protein and fat. Smoking and maternal education were the most important determinants of quality of diet (nutrient density); other factors had only negligible effects. Income was the only significant factor in alcohol intake. It is suggested that the effects of social class and income are overlapping. CONCLUSIONS--Smoking, being renters of accommodation, and being of minimum education and low social class are risk factors for poor dietary intake. It is recommended that such higher risk groups be specifically targeted for nutritional advice in pregnancy.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: September 1990
Organisations: Community Clinical Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 72865
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/72865
ISSN: 0143-005X
PURE UUID: ed0e6b56-1d30-4214-aa85-a7fcc72c3aed

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 25 Feb 2010
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 23:52

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: F.M. Haste
Author: O.G. Brooke
Author: H.R. Anderson
Author: J.M. Bland
Author: J.L. Peacock

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×