Udayaraj, Udaya P., Ben-Sholmo, Yoav, Roderick, Paul, Steenkamp, Retha, Ansell, David and Tomson, Charles R.V.
Ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and attainment of clinical practice guideline standards in dialysis patients in the United Kingdom
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN, 4, (5), . (doi:10.2215/CJN.06311208).
Full text not available from this repository.
Background and objectives: the role of socioeconomic status (SES) and its contribution to ethnic differences in standards attainment among dialysis patients is not known.
Design, setting, participants, & measurements: we examined associations between area- level SES (Townsend index) and ethnicity (white, black, South Asian) and standards attainment in 14,117 incident dialysis patients (1997–2004) in the UK.
Results: deprived patients were less likely to achieve hemoglobin (Hb) ? 10g/dl (trend P < 0.001) but not after controlling for patient and center characteristics (trend P = 0.1). There was no association with hemodialysis dose and parathyroid hormone (PTH) standard but deprived patients had better attainment of phosphate (PO4) <5.6 mg/dl, calcium (Ca) and Calcium-phosphate (CaPO4) standard (e.g., most deprived versus least deprived adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.25, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 1.12, 1.38). There was no association with SES using a lower limit for PO4 (3.5 – 5.5 mg/dl). Compared with Whites, Blacks had lower attainment of Hb (adjusted OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.45, 0.71) and PTH standards (adjusted OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.22, 0.33) but better attainment of PO4 and CaPO4, while South Asians experienced better or comparable outcomes for most standards except Ca and PTH.
Conclusions: there was no evidence of socioeconomic inequity in standards attainment or a consistent pattern of inequity by ethnic group. The lower attainment of some standards in ethnic minorities may reflect biologic differences rather than ethnicity-related inequity of care
Actions (login required)