The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

The development and initial validation of a new measure of lay definitions of health: the wellness beliefs scale

Bishop, Felicity and Yardley, Lucy (2010) The development and initial validation of a new measure of lay definitions of health: the wellness beliefs scale Psychology and Health, 25, (3), pp. 271-287.

Record type: Article


The objective was to develop a psychometrically sound questionnaire measure of lay people's beliefs about the importance of different signs of wellness (the Wellness Beliefs Scale, WBS). Questionnaire items were derived from qualitative literature. Nine hundred and forty two people (recruited from the community and patient-support groups) participated in two cross-sectional studies using paper and web-based questionnaires. Study 1 participants completed the initial version of the WBS and Study 2 participants completed the revised version of the WBS and existing measures of health beliefs, illness perceptions and health status. Factor analysis confirmed that the WBS measures three distinct wellness beliefs: belief in the importance of biomedical (absence of illness), functional (ability to carry out daily tasks) and wellbeing (vitality) indicators of wellness. All the three resulting subscales had good internal consistency and could be used to cluster participants into three groups. Wellness belief scores were related to gender, health status and subjective health; there were few associations with health beliefs. In conclusion, the WBS is a promising new measure of three distinct wellness beliefs, with good initial psychometric properties, which could potentially be used to better target individualised health promotion interventions.

PDF Wellness_Beliefs_Scale_PostPrint.pdf - Accepted Manuscript
Download (159kB)

More information

Published date: March 2010


Local EPrints ID: 73650
ISSN: 0887-0446
PURE UUID: 6ea48805-c5be-4074-bd4f-15b0ada72484
ORCID for Felicity Bishop: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 Mar 2010
Last modified: 09 Oct 2017 03:20

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.