Stanton, N. and Marsden, P.
Drive-by-wire systems: some reflections on the trend to automate the driver role
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 211, (4), . (doi:10.1243/0954407971526425).
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The purpose of this paper is to review critically the current trend in automobile engineering toward automation of many of the functions previously performed by the driver. Working on the assumption that automation in aviation represents the basic model for driver automation, the costs and benefits of automation in aviation are explored as a means of establishing where automation of drivers' tasks is likely to yield benefits. It is concluded that there are areas where automation can provide benefits to the driver, but there are other areas where this is unlikely to be the case. Automation per se does not guarantee success, and therefore it becomes vital to involve human factors into design to identify where automation of driver functions can be allocated with a beneficial outcome for driving performance.
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