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Contamination of groundwater and the risk to human health

Solomon, C.L. and Powrie, W. (1994) Contamination of groundwater and the risk to human health International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 4, (3/4), pp. 283-296. (doi:10.1504/IJEP.1994.028361).

Record type: Article


Groundwater is a major source of drinking water in many parts of the world. In industrialised countries, there is increasing concern that groundwater reserves are being contaminated by industrial effluents and the chemical pesticides and fertilizers used in intensive farming. This paper compares some of the existing guidelines for acceptable concentrations of certain common contaminants in drinking water, groundwater and surface water, with reference to their potential effect on human health. The difficulty of establishing, true causal relationships is highlighted, and policy options for the protection of groundwater as a source of water for human consumption are discussed. The problem of contaminated groundwater can really be solved only by prevention, which will require the effective enforcement of stricter controls both on the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers and on the discharge (both deliberate and accidental) of industrial wastes.

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Published date: 1994
Keywords: codes of health practice, guidelines, contaminant concentrations, public health risks, groundwater contamination, water pollution, water quality, drinking water, surface water, chemical pesticides, fertilizers, industrial wastes


Local EPrints ID: 74543
ISSN: 0957-4352
PURE UUID: 9521dc44-a45b-4ff3-b2d9-cb509faed7ac
ORCID for W. Powrie: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 23:45

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