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Numerical modelling of full scale tests on drystone masonry retaining walls.

Numerical modelling of full scale tests on drystone masonry retaining walls.
Numerical modelling of full scale tests on drystone masonry retaining walls.
The behaviour of four drystone masonry retaining walls of different geometry has been modelled numerically using the discrete element code UDEC, and the results have been compared with the field trials carried out by Burgoyne in Ireland in 1834. By using appropriate soil and wall mass densities, strengths and stiffnesses, it was possible to reproduce in the numerical analyses the field behaviour observed by Burgoyne. Reasonably close agreement was obtained between the horizontal components of earth pressures calculated in the numerical analyses and using the earth pressure coefficients given by Caquot and Kerisel. Basal stress distributions calculated using the condition of equilibrium of the wall were also broadly consistent with those resulting from the numerical analyses. The results also confirm both the influence of the geometry of a drystone masonry retaining wall on its performance and ultimate stability, and the soundness of Burgoyne's engineering judgement in specifying his programme of field tests.
retaining walls, earth pressure, rupture, tests, numerical models, strength, rigidity, density, numerical analysis, stress, geometry, stability
0016-8505
165-179
Harkness, R.M.
e47bcfac-fcc0-431b-8749-9180c4c5cb2b
Powrie, W.
600c3f02-00f8-4486-ae4b-b4fc8ec77c3c
Zhang, X.
3056a795-80f7-4bbd-9c75-ecbc93085421
Brady, K.C.
edfc1460-09f6-4a29-a16b-86f62c6e6dca
O'Reilly, M.P.
19a46e52-31f4-4925-9017-efee1588efad
Harkness, R.M.
e47bcfac-fcc0-431b-8749-9180c4c5cb2b
Powrie, W.
600c3f02-00f8-4486-ae4b-b4fc8ec77c3c
Zhang, X.
3056a795-80f7-4bbd-9c75-ecbc93085421
Brady, K.C.
edfc1460-09f6-4a29-a16b-86f62c6e6dca
O'Reilly, M.P.
19a46e52-31f4-4925-9017-efee1588efad

Harkness, R.M., Powrie, W., Zhang, X., Brady, K.C. and O'Reilly, M.P. (2000) Numerical modelling of full scale tests on drystone masonry retaining walls. Géotechnique, 50 (2), 165-179.

Record type: Article

Abstract

The behaviour of four drystone masonry retaining walls of different geometry has been modelled numerically using the discrete element code UDEC, and the results have been compared with the field trials carried out by Burgoyne in Ireland in 1834. By using appropriate soil and wall mass densities, strengths and stiffnesses, it was possible to reproduce in the numerical analyses the field behaviour observed by Burgoyne. Reasonably close agreement was obtained between the horizontal components of earth pressures calculated in the numerical analyses and using the earth pressure coefficients given by Caquot and Kerisel. Basal stress distributions calculated using the condition of equilibrium of the wall were also broadly consistent with those resulting from the numerical analyses. The results also confirm both the influence of the geometry of a drystone masonry retaining wall on its performance and ultimate stability, and the soundness of Burgoyne's engineering judgement in specifying his programme of field tests.

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More information

Published date: 2000
Keywords: retaining walls, earth pressure, rupture, tests, numerical models, strength, rigidity, density, numerical analysis, stress, geometry, stability
Organisations: Civil Engineering & the Environment

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 75434
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/75434
ISSN: 0016-8505
PURE UUID: a10df393-2a2e-42af-831a-e5871078a42b
ORCID for W. Powrie: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2271-0826

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last modified: 03 Dec 2019 02:02

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