Walker, Guy, Stanton, Neville A., Salmon, Paul, Jenkins, Dan, Revell, Kirstine and Rafferty, Laura
Measuring dimensions of command and control using social network analysis: Extending the NATO SAS-050 model
The International C2 Journal, 3, (2), .
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This paper takes the NATO SAS-050 Approach Space, a widely publicized model of command and control, and gives each of its primary axes a quantitative measure using social network analysis. Deriving such measures means that the actual point in the Approach Space adopted by real-life command and control organizations can be plotted, along with the way in which that point varies over time and function. Part 1 of the paper presents the rationale behind this innovation and how it was subject
to verification using theoretical data. Part 2 shows how the enhanced Approach Space was put to use in the context of a large scale military command post exercise. Issues regarding emergent properties and interface bottlenecks were revealed by the analysis, which was further extended to offer quantitative insights into agility and tempo. Above all, the findings show that it was the humans in this particular live NCW situation that
granted the levels of agility and tempo that were observed.
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