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High quality crystalline ZnS films grown on sapphire and silicon using pulsed laser deposition

High quality crystalline ZnS films grown on sapphire and silicon using pulsed laser deposition
High quality crystalline ZnS films grown on sapphire and silicon using pulsed laser deposition
Crystalline Zinc sulphide (ZnS) is widely applied in electroluminescent devices, blue or ultraviolet light emitting diodes, laser diodes and tuneable mid-infrared lasers and second harmonic generation devices. Crystalline ZnS has two crystallographic phases, zinc blende (cubic) and wurtzite (hexagonal): wurtzite has strong nonlinear optical effects and it transforms to the zinc blende structure at 1020 C. Problems arise however from lattice, polarity and thermal parameter matches in using commonly available substrates Si, GaAs, sapphire, GaP and Ge for epi-growth of crystalline ZnS.
Crystalline ZnS thin films can be prepared by conventional deposition techniques such as liquid or vapour phase epitaxy. Due to low growth temperature and low kinetic energy of the transporting molecules in conventional epitaxy, crystalline ZnS grown on various substrates is normally of zinc blende structure and poor crystalline quality. Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on the other hand is a carbon-free and physical transport process. The ablative target material has very high kinetic energy and forms a high flux plasma plume. This is particularly helpful for the vapour phase epitaxial growth of stoichiometric ZnS films.
Xin, Z.J.
bc46917f-364a-498b-ad97-4241cabdeee4
Peaty, R.J.
c6ee7818-cf86-4f1d-a860-cf09356ee53c
Rutt, H.N.
e09fa327-0c01-467a-9898-4e7f0cd715fc
Eason, R.W.
e38684c3-d18c-41b9-a4aa-def67283b020
Xin, Z.J.
bc46917f-364a-498b-ad97-4241cabdeee4
Peaty, R.J.
c6ee7818-cf86-4f1d-a860-cf09356ee53c
Rutt, H.N.
e09fa327-0c01-467a-9898-4e7f0cd715fc
Eason, R.W.
e38684c3-d18c-41b9-a4aa-def67283b020

Xin, Z.J., Peaty, R.J., Rutt, H.N. and Eason, R.W. (1999) High quality crystalline ZnS films grown on sapphire and silicon using pulsed laser deposition. 14th National Quantum Electronics Conference (QE14), Manchester, United Kingdom. 05 - 08 Sep 1999.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Abstract

Crystalline Zinc sulphide (ZnS) is widely applied in electroluminescent devices, blue or ultraviolet light emitting diodes, laser diodes and tuneable mid-infrared lasers and second harmonic generation devices. Crystalline ZnS has two crystallographic phases, zinc blende (cubic) and wurtzite (hexagonal): wurtzite has strong nonlinear optical effects and it transforms to the zinc blende structure at 1020 C. Problems arise however from lattice, polarity and thermal parameter matches in using commonly available substrates Si, GaAs, sapphire, GaP and Ge for epi-growth of crystalline ZnS.
Crystalline ZnS thin films can be prepared by conventional deposition techniques such as liquid or vapour phase epitaxy. Due to low growth temperature and low kinetic energy of the transporting molecules in conventional epitaxy, crystalline ZnS grown on various substrates is normally of zinc blende structure and poor crystalline quality. Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on the other hand is a carbon-free and physical transport process. The ablative target material has very high kinetic energy and forms a high flux plasma plume. This is particularly helpful for the vapour phase epitaxial growth of stoichiometric ZnS films.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 1999
Venue - Dates: 14th National Quantum Electronics Conference (QE14), Manchester, United Kingdom, 1999-09-05 - 1999-09-08

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 76513
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/76513
PURE UUID: 3c792896-18fc-4424-af03-d91655cdc390
ORCID for R.W. Eason: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9704-2204

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 03:06

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