The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Efficient superfluorescent light sources with very broad bandwidth

Paschotta, R., Nilsson, J., Tropper, A.C. and Hanna, D.C. (1997) Efficient superfluorescent light sources with very broad bandwidth At Novel Lasers Devices and Applications, Germany. 18 - 19 Jun 1997.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


Low coherence light sources with high spectral power density over a broad wavelength range in a single spatial mode are needed for a number of applications. Such light sources can be made with rare-earth doped single-mode fibres, generating amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). Both neodymium-doped [1] and erbium-doped [2] fibres have been used to produce ASE output powers of hundreds of milliwatts. However, with a FWHM bandwidth below 5nm, while more bandwidth has been achieved at lower output powers, typically up to 30nm for output powers well below 100 mW [3,4]. In this paper we describe a way to achieve an even much iarger bandwidth of up to 65 nm at an output power of more than 100 mW. Our approach is based on spectral filtering. The ASE generated in one path through an ytterbium-doped fibre is spectrally filtered before being amplified to high power during a second pass through the same fibre. The spectral filter is adjusted so that those wavelengths with highest gain are attenuated so as to obtain a flat and very wide intensity spectrum at the output. Our spectral filter consists of a pair of bulk gratings to separate the different wavelengths spatially, and a simple spatial modulator, realised in the form of an array of fine screws. This array is mounted above the beam so that each screw can attenuate a particular wavelength range of a few nm bandwidth when positioned so as to partially obstruct the beam. With this technique, applied to an ytterbium-doped fibre which was pumped with 295mW (incident) at 975nm, we achieved a 3-dB bandwidth of 39nm at a total output power of 70 mW. Using a longer pump wavelength of 1010 nm, even 62 nm bandwidth at 62 mW output power was obtained. Finally we have demonstrated a 108 mW output with 65 nm bandwidth by using an additional neodymium-doped fibre which extented the spectrum to longer wavelengths.

PDF 1504.pdf - Other
Download (74kB)

More information

Published date: June 1997
Venue - Dates: Novel Lasers Devices and Applications, Germany, 1997-06-18 - 1997-06-19
Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre, Physics & Astronomy


Local EPrints ID: 76733
PURE UUID: 4f2a902c-11d3-42fd-8003-635df6824358

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 23:38

Export record


Author: R. Paschotta
Author: J. Nilsson
Author: A.C. Tropper
Author: D.C. Hanna

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.