The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Progress towards mid-infrared fibre lasers in rare-earth doped gallium lanthanum sulphide glass for gas sensing and remote sensing

Schweizer, T., Brady, D.J., Samson, B.N., Hewak, D.W. and Payne, D.N. (1997) Progress towards mid-infrared fibre lasers in rare-earth doped gallium lanthanum sulphide glass for gas sensing and remote sensing At Quantum Electronics Conference (QE13), United Kingdom. 08 - 11 Sep 1997.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


Diode-pumped rare-earth doped fibre lasers in the mid-infrared wavelengths region would offer a compact and efficient alternative to the either relatively weak or very complex existing mid-infrared sources such as thermal emitters, gas lasers and OPOs. A prerequisite for the rare-earth host material is a low phonon energy leading to mid- infrared transparency and to low nonradiative decay rates and therefore higher quantum efficiencies of mid-infrared transitions. Conventional silica glass fibres cannot fulfill these requirements leading to a need for new glass materials with lower phonon energies which must also be suitable for fibre pulling. Our approach towards mid-infrared laser sources is based on the stable, non-toxic and non-hygroscopic chalcogenide glass gallium lanthanum sulphide (GLS) with the molar composition 70Ga2S3:30La2S3 which has been pulled into fibre form successfully [1]. It has a low phonon energy (425 cm) and a wide infrared transmission extending beyond 8µm. The characterization of undoped GLS glasses and fibres such as loss measurements and theoretical loss calculations will be presented in another paper at this conference [2].
In this paper we present the spectroscopy of rare-earth doped GLS glasses and fibres which show fluorescence at wavelengths which are interesting for gas sensing and remote sensing. Examples are the 3.4µm emission from praseodymium and the 4.3µm emission from dysprosium which overlap with the strong fundamental absorption bands of methane and carbon dioxide, respectively, and could therfore find application as gas sensors for these two important greenhouse gases. The emission of thulium at 3.8µm and holmium at 3.9µm fall into the atmospheric window with the highest transmission and could therefore be suitable for remote sensing applications.
Laser action an the above transitions has not been achieved to date but the first laser action in a rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fibre which has been demonstrated in a neodymium doped GLS fibre shows the potential for mid-infrared fibre lasers in this chalcogenide glass system [3].

PDF 1502.pdf - Other
Download (292kB)

More information

Published date: 1997
Venue - Dates: Quantum Electronics Conference (QE13), United Kingdom, 1997-09-08 - 1997-09-11


Local EPrints ID: 76734
PURE UUID: 1fc0b7d9-35d7-413a-bb0e-61a143e60ab2
ORCID for D.W. Hewak: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 23:38

Export record


Author: T. Schweizer
Author: D.J. Brady
Author: B.N. Samson
Author: D.W. Hewak ORCID iD
Author: D.N. Payne

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.