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Progress towards mid-infrared fibre lasers in rare-earth doped gallium lanthanum sulphide glass for gas sensing and remote sensing

Progress towards mid-infrared fibre lasers in rare-earth doped gallium lanthanum sulphide glass for gas sensing and remote sensing
Progress towards mid-infrared fibre lasers in rare-earth doped gallium lanthanum sulphide glass for gas sensing and remote sensing
Diode-pumped rare-earth doped fibre lasers in the mid-infrared wavelengths region would offer a compact and efficient alternative to the either relatively weak or very complex existing mid-infrared sources such as thermal emitters, gas lasers and OPOs. A prerequisite for the rare-earth host material is a low phonon energy leading to mid- infrared transparency and to low nonradiative decay rates and therefore higher quantum efficiencies of mid-infrared transitions. Conventional silica glass fibres cannot fulfill these requirements leading to a need for new glass materials with lower phonon energies which must also be suitable for fibre pulling. Our approach towards mid-infrared laser sources is based on the stable, non-toxic and non-hygroscopic chalcogenide glass gallium lanthanum sulphide (GLS) with the molar composition 70Ga2S3:30La2S3 which has been pulled into fibre form successfully [1]. It has a low phonon energy (425 cm) and a wide infrared transmission extending beyond 8µm. The characterization of undoped GLS glasses and fibres such as loss measurements and theoretical loss calculations will be presented in another paper at this conference [2].
In this paper we present the spectroscopy of rare-earth doped GLS glasses and fibres which show fluorescence at wavelengths which are interesting for gas sensing and remote sensing. Examples are the 3.4µm emission from praseodymium and the 4.3µm emission from dysprosium which overlap with the strong fundamental absorption bands of methane and carbon dioxide, respectively, and could therfore find application as gas sensors for these two important greenhouse gases. The emission of thulium at 3.8µm and holmium at 3.9µm fall into the atmospheric window with the highest transmission and could therefore be suitable for remote sensing applications.
Laser action an the above transitions has not been achieved to date but the first laser action in a rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fibre which has been demonstrated in a neodymium doped GLS fibre shows the potential for mid-infrared fibre lasers in this chalcogenide glass system [3].
Schweizer, T.
1b183bb4-c89d-42bf-81e0-b2e2b9af2635
Brady, D.J.
797f449e-0540-4426-a086-5daf69f3eb38
Samson, B.N.
0e9f1440-04ab-4aad-994f-554d24a3a419
Hewak, D.W.
87c80070-c101-4f7a-914f-4cc3131e3db0
Payne, D.N.
4f592b24-707f-456e-b2c6-8a6f750e296d
Schweizer, T.
1b183bb4-c89d-42bf-81e0-b2e2b9af2635
Brady, D.J.
797f449e-0540-4426-a086-5daf69f3eb38
Samson, B.N.
0e9f1440-04ab-4aad-994f-554d24a3a419
Hewak, D.W.
87c80070-c101-4f7a-914f-4cc3131e3db0
Payne, D.N.
4f592b24-707f-456e-b2c6-8a6f750e296d

Schweizer, T., Brady, D.J., Samson, B.N., Hewak, D.W. and Payne, D.N. (1997) Progress towards mid-infrared fibre lasers in rare-earth doped gallium lanthanum sulphide glass for gas sensing and remote sensing. Quantum Electronics Conference (QE13), United Kingdom. 08 - 11 Sep 1997.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Diode-pumped rare-earth doped fibre lasers in the mid-infrared wavelengths region would offer a compact and efficient alternative to the either relatively weak or very complex existing mid-infrared sources such as thermal emitters, gas lasers and OPOs. A prerequisite for the rare-earth host material is a low phonon energy leading to mid- infrared transparency and to low nonradiative decay rates and therefore higher quantum efficiencies of mid-infrared transitions. Conventional silica glass fibres cannot fulfill these requirements leading to a need for new glass materials with lower phonon energies which must also be suitable for fibre pulling. Our approach towards mid-infrared laser sources is based on the stable, non-toxic and non-hygroscopic chalcogenide glass gallium lanthanum sulphide (GLS) with the molar composition 70Ga2S3:30La2S3 which has been pulled into fibre form successfully [1]. It has a low phonon energy (425 cm) and a wide infrared transmission extending beyond 8µm. The characterization of undoped GLS glasses and fibres such as loss measurements and theoretical loss calculations will be presented in another paper at this conference [2].
In this paper we present the spectroscopy of rare-earth doped GLS glasses and fibres which show fluorescence at wavelengths which are interesting for gas sensing and remote sensing. Examples are the 3.4µm emission from praseodymium and the 4.3µm emission from dysprosium which overlap with the strong fundamental absorption bands of methane and carbon dioxide, respectively, and could therfore find application as gas sensors for these two important greenhouse gases. The emission of thulium at 3.8µm and holmium at 3.9µm fall into the atmospheric window with the highest transmission and could therefore be suitable for remote sensing applications.
Laser action an the above transitions has not been achieved to date but the first laser action in a rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fibre which has been demonstrated in a neodymium doped GLS fibre shows the potential for mid-infrared fibre lasers in this chalcogenide glass system [3].

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Published date: 1997
Venue - Dates: Quantum Electronics Conference (QE13), United Kingdom, 1997-09-08 - 1997-09-11

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 76734
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/76734
PURE UUID: 1fc0b7d9-35d7-413a-bb0e-61a143e60ab2
ORCID for D.W. Hewak: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2093-5773

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Date deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 13:08

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