Glas, P., Naumann, M., Schirrmacher, A., Dong, L. and Caplen, J.
A novel fiber design for efficient Nd-doped fibre lasers in the 1-5W power range
In Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO 96).
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers., .
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For many applications in telecommunication, sensing and spectroscopy reliable all-solid state laser light sources are desirable. The great variety on ionic species of the lanthanides with which the host material of fiber lasers may be doped enables to cover the spectral range between 0.9 and 3µm. Besides tunability a high output power is often desirable calling for an adaption of the fiber design on the beam parameter product of high power diode laser arrays used as pump sources. The recently developed double clad fibers  fulfil these demands. The extraction efficiency of this fibers is very high (>90%) but the absorption of the pump light is considerably low due to the unavoidable appearance of gallery modes. Decentred cores. periodical bending or mode scrambling  can improve this efficiency up to about 70%. In order to increase the output power and the absorption of the pump light we have chosen another fiber design which minimises the problems encountered with the gallery modes. The fiber consist of an undoped core of large diameter and a doped glass cladding surrounded by a coating. The refractive indices obey the relation nO3 is less than 5%. Output powers in excess of 1W with a slope efficiency of about 27% have been achieved, cf Fig. 2. We report on first experiments generating uniphase radiation from a stable (azimuthally) multimode beam and on the radiation properties of an evanescently coupled array of MPFs. This work is sponsored by BMBF, contract no. 13N6363.
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