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The application of infrared spectroscopy to breath CO2 isotope ratio measurements and the risk of spurious results

The application of infrared spectroscopy to breath CO2 isotope ratio measurements and the risk of spurious results
The application of infrared spectroscopy to breath CO2 isotope ratio measurements and the risk of spurious results
Stable CO2 isotope breath tests are established as a valuable tool in diagnostic and investigative medicine with the potential to become more prominent in the future. However, their development and widespread clinical use is limited by the requirement of isotope ratio mass spectroscopic analysis, To overcome this restriction alternative analytical techniques have been developed; the most promising, offering relative simplicity and lower costs, are those instruments using infrared spectroscopy. Clinical investigations using such instruments show them to perform well but very little attention has been given to the possibility of interference from the infrared absorption spectrum of other compounds in the breath. To provide an unambiguous answer to this ccncem we have analysed literature on over 200 detected breath compounds and their infrared absorption spectra to identify any absorption bands coincident with the ν3 absorption band of CO2. It was found that only five breath trace compounds possess coincident fundamental absorption bands, none of which pose the risk of spurious results. We conclude that the 13C16O2/12C16O2 ratio can confidently be measured for isotopic breath tests using an infrared spectrometer, the position of the ν3 absorption band of CO2 in the infrared spectrum precluding any discernible risk of spurious measurements due to coincidental absorption bands.
0031-9155
1225-1239
Mansfield, C.D.
2354cf62-85aa-497f-8a77-b0705e608bf3
Rutt, H.N.
e09fa327-0c01-467a-9898-4e7f0cd715fc
Mansfield, C.D.
2354cf62-85aa-497f-8a77-b0705e608bf3
Rutt, H.N.
e09fa327-0c01-467a-9898-4e7f0cd715fc

Mansfield, C.D. and Rutt, H.N. (1998) The application of infrared spectroscopy to breath CO2 isotope ratio measurements and the risk of spurious results. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 43 (5), 1225-1239. (doi:10.1088/0031-9155/43/5/013).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Stable CO2 isotope breath tests are established as a valuable tool in diagnostic and investigative medicine with the potential to become more prominent in the future. However, their development and widespread clinical use is limited by the requirement of isotope ratio mass spectroscopic analysis, To overcome this restriction alternative analytical techniques have been developed; the most promising, offering relative simplicity and lower costs, are those instruments using infrared spectroscopy. Clinical investigations using such instruments show them to perform well but very little attention has been given to the possibility of interference from the infrared absorption spectrum of other compounds in the breath. To provide an unambiguous answer to this ccncem we have analysed literature on over 200 detected breath compounds and their infrared absorption spectra to identify any absorption bands coincident with the ν3 absorption band of CO2. It was found that only five breath trace compounds possess coincident fundamental absorption bands, none of which pose the risk of spurious results. We conclude that the 13C16O2/12C16O2 ratio can confidently be measured for isotopic breath tests using an infrared spectrometer, the position of the ν3 absorption band of CO2 in the infrared spectrum precluding any discernible risk of spurious measurements due to coincidental absorption bands.

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Published date: 1998

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Local EPrints ID: 77758
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/77758
ISSN: 0031-9155
PURE UUID: b27b1e8d-fec9-4836-a9c8-81ead6c96b54

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Date deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last modified: 25 Jul 2018 16:32

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Author: C.D. Mansfield
Author: H.N. Rutt

University divisions

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