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Marine ecosystem models for earth systems applications: The MarQUEST experience

Marine ecosystem models for earth systems applications: The MarQUEST experience
Marine ecosystem models for earth systems applications: The MarQUEST experience
The MarQUEST (Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Modelling Initiative in QUEST) project was established to develop improved descriptions of marine biogeochemistry, suited for the next generation of Earth system models. We review progress in these areas providing insight on the advances that have been made as well as identifying remaining key outstanding gaps for the development of the marine component of next generation Earth system models. The following issues are discussed and where appropriate results are presented; the choice of model structure, scaling processes from physiology to functional types, the ecosystem model sensitivity to changes in the physical environment, the role of the coastal ocean and new methods for the evaluation and comparison of ecosystem and biogeochemistry models. We make recommendations as to where future investment in marine ecosystem modelling should be focused, highlighting a generic software framework for model development, improved hydrodynamic models, and better parameterisation of new and existing models, reanalysis tools and ensemble simulations. The final challenge is to ensure that experimental/observational scientists are stakeholders in the models and vice versa.
0924-7963
19-33
Allen, J. Icarus
6a8016db-2a5a-4275-8cdf-63ddb7a51526
Aiken, James
b4214381-de3b-46b6-84b7-51af09439303
Anderson, Thomas R.
dfed062f-e747-48d3-b59e-2f5e57a8571d
Buitenhuis, Erik
4353c3bc-7864-45d8-8443-e039ad90d3be
Cornell, Sarah
59dadafe-3e4d-4036-8322-399b6127b4bf
Geider, Richard J.
f1432d5c-8c1d-48ab-ac52-e81ee5ce7f42
Haines, Keith
c04998d4-4b71-4c77-ac6e-1e2347e5361a
Hirata, Takafumi
5a70f814-c049-4e16-9954-1108e17fc8be
Holt, Jason
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Le Quéré, Corinne
f024c117-ac26-40f4-ad96-a1761ec1f01e
Hardman-Mountford, Nicholas
db3ee546-6c2f-4724-9344-3fce359ada3a
Ross, Oliver N.
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Sinha, Bablu
544b5a07-3d74-464b-9470-a68c69bd722e
While, James
b37c06ec-67e4-4f65-a33b-1d34fafb9730
Allen, J. Icarus
6a8016db-2a5a-4275-8cdf-63ddb7a51526
Aiken, James
b4214381-de3b-46b6-84b7-51af09439303
Anderson, Thomas R.
dfed062f-e747-48d3-b59e-2f5e57a8571d
Buitenhuis, Erik
4353c3bc-7864-45d8-8443-e039ad90d3be
Cornell, Sarah
59dadafe-3e4d-4036-8322-399b6127b4bf
Geider, Richard J.
f1432d5c-8c1d-48ab-ac52-e81ee5ce7f42
Haines, Keith
c04998d4-4b71-4c77-ac6e-1e2347e5361a
Hirata, Takafumi
5a70f814-c049-4e16-9954-1108e17fc8be
Holt, Jason
6e0276a6-1a9b-4514-bc5f-9d04571b7687
Le Quéré, Corinne
f024c117-ac26-40f4-ad96-a1761ec1f01e
Hardman-Mountford, Nicholas
db3ee546-6c2f-4724-9344-3fce359ada3a
Ross, Oliver N.
6e8eed88-b121-43a3-8d0f-4de280ec96d8
Sinha, Bablu
544b5a07-3d74-464b-9470-a68c69bd722e
While, James
b37c06ec-67e4-4f65-a33b-1d34fafb9730

Allen, J. Icarus, Aiken, James, Anderson, Thomas R., Buitenhuis, Erik, Cornell, Sarah, Geider, Richard J., Haines, Keith, Hirata, Takafumi, Holt, Jason, Le Quéré, Corinne, Hardman-Mountford, Nicholas, Ross, Oliver N., Sinha, Bablu and While, James (2010) Marine ecosystem models for earth systems applications: The MarQUEST experience. Journal of Marine Systems, 81 (1-2), 19-33. (doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2009.12.017).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The MarQUEST (Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Modelling Initiative in QUEST) project was established to develop improved descriptions of marine biogeochemistry, suited for the next generation of Earth system models. We review progress in these areas providing insight on the advances that have been made as well as identifying remaining key outstanding gaps for the development of the marine component of next generation Earth system models. The following issues are discussed and where appropriate results are presented; the choice of model structure, scaling processes from physiology to functional types, the ecosystem model sensitivity to changes in the physical environment, the role of the coastal ocean and new methods for the evaluation and comparison of ecosystem and biogeochemistry models. We make recommendations as to where future investment in marine ecosystem modelling should be focused, highlighting a generic software framework for model development, improved hydrodynamic models, and better parameterisation of new and existing models, reanalysis tools and ensemble simulations. The final challenge is to ensure that experimental/observational scientists are stakeholders in the models and vice versa.

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More information

Published date: April 2010
Organisations: Marine Systems Modelling

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 79806
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/79806
ISSN: 0924-7963
PURE UUID: 4d28679c-ee86-4f94-87e6-c34697c8091d

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Mar 2010
Last modified: 17 Jul 2019 00:11

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Contributors

Author: J. Icarus Allen
Author: James Aiken
Author: Thomas R. Anderson
Author: Erik Buitenhuis
Author: Sarah Cornell
Author: Richard J. Geider
Author: Keith Haines
Author: Takafumi Hirata
Author: Jason Holt
Author: Corinne Le Quéré
Author: Nicholas Hardman-Mountford
Author: Oliver N. Ross
Author: Bablu Sinha
Author: James While

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