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Competition between individuals and groups: Do incentives matter?

Competition between individuals and groups: Do incentives matter?
Competition between individuals and groups: Do incentives matter?
In their research on individual-group discontinuity using Prisoner’s Dilemma Game (PDG), Schopler, Insko, and associates observed that groups were more competitive than individuals. Alternatively, we propose that this effect can be interpreted as a group-adaptiveness phenomenon. In a 2 (individuals vs. groups)x2 (low vs. high incentives to cooperate) PDG study, individuals groups played against a cooperative opponent. Individual-group discontiunity was found when incentives to cooperate were low, but not when incentives were high. Results further suggest that the stronger intergroup competition observed in past discontinuity research may have been triggered and perpetuated by between-group violations of cooperative proposals. These findings are consistent with our group adaptiveness perspective, which proposes that groups are not invariably more competitive than individuals, but that they are more likely to adapt their behaviors to variations in the task and/or social environment in an attempt to attain important group goals
1046-4964
387-404
Lodewijkx, Hein F.M.
c3ba0d09-219e-4ebb-a26f-1cc172069e6f
Wildschut, Tim
23ce1205-2ca1-4609-97e9-b1bacaa9fa13
Syroit, Jef E.E.M.
d352019b-a858-43b7-8ca0-9e55aac43ef3
Visser, Lieuwe
7511a0b1-9510-49a2-9236-29a8bdc95b4e
Rabbie, Jaap M.
bec3bca8-0b37-4041-871a-4e5fd915e06f
Lodewijkx, Hein F.M.
c3ba0d09-219e-4ebb-a26f-1cc172069e6f
Wildschut, Tim
23ce1205-2ca1-4609-97e9-b1bacaa9fa13
Syroit, Jef E.E.M.
d352019b-a858-43b7-8ca0-9e55aac43ef3
Visser, Lieuwe
7511a0b1-9510-49a2-9236-29a8bdc95b4e
Rabbie, Jaap M.
bec3bca8-0b37-4041-871a-4e5fd915e06f

Lodewijkx, Hein F.M., Wildschut, Tim, Syroit, Jef E.E.M., Visser, Lieuwe and Rabbie, Jaap M. (1999) Competition between individuals and groups: Do incentives matter? Small Group Research, 30 (4), 387-404. (doi:10.1177/104649649903000401).

Record type: Article

Abstract

In their research on individual-group discontinuity using Prisoner’s Dilemma Game (PDG), Schopler, Insko, and associates observed that groups were more competitive than individuals. Alternatively, we propose that this effect can be interpreted as a group-adaptiveness phenomenon. In a 2 (individuals vs. groups)x2 (low vs. high incentives to cooperate) PDG study, individuals groups played against a cooperative opponent. Individual-group discontiunity was found when incentives to cooperate were low, but not when incentives were high. Results further suggest that the stronger intergroup competition observed in past discontinuity research may have been triggered and perpetuated by between-group violations of cooperative proposals. These findings are consistent with our group adaptiveness perspective, which proposes that groups are not invariably more competitive than individuals, but that they are more likely to adapt their behaviors to variations in the task and/or social environment in an attempt to attain important group goals

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Published date: 1999

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 79906
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/79906
ISSN: 1046-4964
PURE UUID: 0ea305cd-4871-4da9-bec2-915e9b64b2a8

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Date deposited: 22 Mar 2010
Last modified: 17 Jul 2019 00:11

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