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Nurse-led education sets out to patient concordance and prevent recurrence of leg ulcers

Nurse-led education sets out to patient concordance and prevent recurrence of leg ulcers
Nurse-led education sets out to patient concordance and prevent recurrence of leg ulcers
• Objective: This study evaluated the effects of a structured nurse-led education programme that aimed to improve patient concordance and prevent venous leg ulcer recurrence.
• Method: The design was quasi-experimental. Subjects (average age: 80) had venous leg ulceration that had healed within the previous two years, and were cared for at home by a district nurse. Data were available on 49 patients with 97 legs, 72 of which had had venous leg ulcers. Patients were divided into two groups: a control group, which received ‘usual’ care, and an experimental group, which was exposed to the education programme. Recurrence rates, the effects of the education on patient behaviour and the effect on recurrence of having both ankle movement and general mobility were measured over one year.
• Results: Patients in the experimental group experienced significantly less recurrence over the year (log rank test=8.28, p=0.004). To control for differences in mobility and ankle movement in the control and experimental groups at baseline, simultaneous logistic regression analysis was undertaken. This revealed a significant advantage for patients in the experimental group (p=0.035; OR=4.45, 95% CI=1.11–17.74), who spent more time with their legs elevated each day. This difference was sustained throughout the 52 weeks (f=2.88, p=0.015). Those who had both full ankle movement (>60 degrees) and full mobility (without aid) had significantly less recurrence (p=0.042). Education had no significant effect on the amount of time patients wore compression hosiery (f=2.1).
• Conclusion: A structured nurse-led patient concordance programme is effective in preventing venous leg ulcer recurrence and increasing the time patients spend with their legs elevated at heart level. Having both full ankle movement and full mobility reduces the risk of recurrence.
• Declaration of interest: None.
leg ulcers
0969-0700
111-116
Brooks, J.
777ed55a-375c-44d8-9004-43ff4687a54a
Ersser, S.
4dab23f3-b2fc-461f-9c72-367849adf4bc
Lloyd, A.
18a1fb07-dced-47b3-895f-8b06de1b172d
Ryan, T.
94f6d4d8-6176-475a-8bfc-b91f92451346
Brooks, J.
777ed55a-375c-44d8-9004-43ff4687a54a
Ersser, S.
4dab23f3-b2fc-461f-9c72-367849adf4bc
Lloyd, A.
18a1fb07-dced-47b3-895f-8b06de1b172d
Ryan, T.
94f6d4d8-6176-475a-8bfc-b91f92451346

Brooks, J., Ersser, S., Lloyd, A. and Ryan, T. (2004) Nurse-led education sets out to patient concordance and prevent recurrence of leg ulcers. Journal of Wound Care, 13 (3), 111-116.

Record type: Article

Abstract

• Objective: This study evaluated the effects of a structured nurse-led education programme that aimed to improve patient concordance and prevent venous leg ulcer recurrence.
• Method: The design was quasi-experimental. Subjects (average age: 80) had venous leg ulceration that had healed within the previous two years, and were cared for at home by a district nurse. Data were available on 49 patients with 97 legs, 72 of which had had venous leg ulcers. Patients were divided into two groups: a control group, which received ‘usual’ care, and an experimental group, which was exposed to the education programme. Recurrence rates, the effects of the education on patient behaviour and the effect on recurrence of having both ankle movement and general mobility were measured over one year.
• Results: Patients in the experimental group experienced significantly less recurrence over the year (log rank test=8.28, p=0.004). To control for differences in mobility and ankle movement in the control and experimental groups at baseline, simultaneous logistic regression analysis was undertaken. This revealed a significant advantage for patients in the experimental group (p=0.035; OR=4.45, 95% CI=1.11–17.74), who spent more time with their legs elevated each day. This difference was sustained throughout the 52 weeks (f=2.88, p=0.015). Those who had both full ankle movement (>60 degrees) and full mobility (without aid) had significantly less recurrence (p=0.042). Education had no significant effect on the amount of time patients wore compression hosiery (f=2.1).
• Conclusion: A structured nurse-led patient concordance programme is effective in preventing venous leg ulcer recurrence and increasing the time patients spend with their legs elevated at heart level. Having both full ankle movement and full mobility reduces the risk of recurrence.
• Declaration of interest: None.

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More information

Published date: 2004
Keywords: leg ulcers

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 9199
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/9199
ISSN: 0969-0700
PURE UUID: 147d25c2-13b2-4b7c-8a0b-7b6c54418a08

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Date deposited: 06 Oct 2004
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 17:11

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Contributors

Author: J. Brooks
Author: S. Ersser
Author: A. Lloyd
Author: T. Ryan

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