Credit risk models for mortgage loan loss given default


Leow, Mindy (2010) Credit risk models for mortgage loan loss given default. University of Southampton, School of Management, Doctoral Thesis , 173pp.

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Description/Abstract

Arguably, the credit risk models reported in the literature for the retail lending
sector have so far been less developed than those for the corporate sector,
mainly due to the lack of publicly available data. Having been given access to a
dataset on defaulted mortgages kindly provided by a major UK bank, this work
first investigates the Loss Given Default (LGD) of mortgage loans with the
development of two separate component models, the Probability of Repossession
(given default) Model and the Haircut (given repossession) Model. They are then
combined into an expected loss percentage. Performance-wise, this two-stage
LGD model is shown to do better than a single-stage LGD model (which directly
models LGD from loan and collateral characteristics), as it achieves a better Rsquare
value, and it more accurately matches the distribution of observed LGD.
We next investigate the possibility of including macroeconomic variables into
either or both component models to improve LGD prediction. Indicators relating
to net lending, gross domestic product, national default rates and interest rates
are considered and the interest rate is found to be most beneficial to both
component models. Finally, we develop a competing risk survival analysis model
to predict the time taken for a defaulted mortgage loan to reach some outcome
(i.e. repossession or non-repossession). This allows for a more accurate
prediction of (discounted) loss as these periods could vary from months to years
depending on the health of the economy. Besides loan- or collateral-related
characteristics, we incorporate a time-dependent macroeconomic variable based
on the house price index (HPI) to investigate its impact on repossession risk. We
find that observations of different loan-to-value ratios at default and different
security type are affected differently by the economy. This model is then used
for stress test purposes by applying a Monte Carlo simulation, and by varying the
HPI forecast, to get different loss distributions for different economic outlooks.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Management
ePrint ID: 170515
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2011 15:23
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:20
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/170515

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