Wooldridge, M. J. and Jennings, N. R.
Agent Theories, Architectures and Languages: A Survey.
In, ECAI94 Workshop on Agent Theories Architectures and Languages, Amsterdam, The , Netherlands,
The concept of an agent has recently become important in Artificial Intelligence (AI), and its relatively youthful subfield, DistributedAI (DAI). Our aim in this paper is to point the reader at what we perceive to be the most important theoretical and practical issues associated with the design and construction of intelligent agents. For convenience, we divide the area into three themes (though as the reader will see, these divisions are at times somewhat arbitrary). Agent theory is concerned with the question of what an agent is, and the use of mathematical formalisms for representing and reasoning about the properties of agents. Agent architectures can be thought of as software engineering models of agents; researchers in this area are primarily concerned with the problem of constructing software or hardware systems that will satisfy the properties specified by agent theorists. Finally, agent languages are software systems for programming and experimenting with agents; these languages typically embody principles proposed by theorists. The paper is not intended to serve as a tutorial introduction to all the issues mentioned; we hope instead simply to identify the key issues, and point to work that elaborates on them. The paper closes with a detailed bibliography, and some biblographical remarks.
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