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An investigation into the structure and properties of polyethylene oxide nanocomposites

An investigation into the structure and properties of polyethylene oxide nanocomposites
An investigation into the structure and properties of polyethylene oxide nanocomposites
Polymer nanocomposites have attracted great interest over many years, because of the enhanced properties exhibited by such systems. However, it is only recently that the
electrical characteristics of this class of material have begun to be studied in detail. Whenever fillers are added to a host polymer matrix, dispersion is of critical importance since, while a well dispersed nanophase may be beneficial, poor dispersion can have negative consequences. Hence, for the nanocomposites to be used appropriately and provide the best properties, a method for observing the dispersion
within the matrix is useful. Despite this, evaluating the dispersion of nano-additives in the bulk is far from straight forward using conventional solid-state materials
characterization techniques.

This study set out to consider the influence of nano-additives on the physical, thermal and electrical properties of poly(ethylene oxide) systems. The initial objective is to
investigate the extent to which dispersion of nanofillers and effect of host molecular weight can be inferred from rheological analysis. This investigation covers many
systems based upon polyethylene oxide (PEO); PEO blends, thermally aged PEO and PEO composites with montmorillonite (MMT), micro/nano silicon dioxide (SD/nSD) and boehmite fillers (BO). The study continued from dispersion and solution characterisation onto thermal and electrical properties. The effects of additives and treatment on the crystallisation kinetics and thermal transitions are considered. Polymers are most well known for their electrically insulating properties, therefore
electrical analysis into AC breakdown and dielectric spectroscopy were also performed.

The research has shown that rheology is capable of producing well dispersed PEO nanocomposites. Addition of fillers during the rheology phase produced the expected monotonic increase in viscosity apart from boehmite, which formed a very viscous gel after reaching a threshold loading. Large drops in thermal transitions were observed for the composite samples. All fillers caused a large increase in breakdown strength at higher loadings, except boehmite which caused the breakdown strength to decrease,an effect discussed in detail.
Reading, Martin
44f7be0b-09ac-413d-a434-c991bcce6315
Reading, Martin
44f7be0b-09ac-413d-a434-c991bcce6315
Vaughan, A. S.
6d813b66-17f9-4864-9763-25a6d659d8a3
Lewin, P.L.
78b4fc49-1cb3-4db9-ba90-3ae70c0f639e

Reading, Martin (2010) An investigation into the structure and properties of polyethylene oxide nanocomposites. University of Southampton, School of Electronics and Computer Science, Doctoral Thesis, 239pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

Polymer nanocomposites have attracted great interest over many years, because of the enhanced properties exhibited by such systems. However, it is only recently that the
electrical characteristics of this class of material have begun to be studied in detail. Whenever fillers are added to a host polymer matrix, dispersion is of critical importance since, while a well dispersed nanophase may be beneficial, poor dispersion can have negative consequences. Hence, for the nanocomposites to be used appropriately and provide the best properties, a method for observing the dispersion
within the matrix is useful. Despite this, evaluating the dispersion of nano-additives in the bulk is far from straight forward using conventional solid-state materials
characterization techniques.

This study set out to consider the influence of nano-additives on the physical, thermal and electrical properties of poly(ethylene oxide) systems. The initial objective is to
investigate the extent to which dispersion of nanofillers and effect of host molecular weight can be inferred from rheological analysis. This investigation covers many
systems based upon polyethylene oxide (PEO); PEO blends, thermally aged PEO and PEO composites with montmorillonite (MMT), micro/nano silicon dioxide (SD/nSD) and boehmite fillers (BO). The study continued from dispersion and solution characterisation onto thermal and electrical properties. The effects of additives and treatment on the crystallisation kinetics and thermal transitions are considered. Polymers are most well known for their electrically insulating properties, therefore
electrical analysis into AC breakdown and dielectric spectroscopy were also performed.

The research has shown that rheology is capable of producing well dispersed PEO nanocomposites. Addition of fillers during the rheology phase produced the expected monotonic increase in viscosity apart from boehmite, which formed a very viscous gel after reaching a threshold loading. Large drops in thermal transitions were observed for the composite samples. All fillers caused a large increase in breakdown strength at higher loadings, except boehmite which caused the breakdown strength to decrease,an effect discussed in detail.

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Published date: 2010
Organisations: University of Southampton

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 171659
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/171659
PURE UUID: 722241d4-6ed1-48fb-8662-aa47122bd31d
ORCID for A. S. Vaughan: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0535-513X

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Date deposited: 28 Jan 2011 16:49
Last modified: 30 Jan 2020 01:30

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