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Structural studies of layered transition metal oxides

Structural studies of layered transition metal oxides
Structural studies of layered transition metal oxides
A number of transition metal oxide materials, both new and previously reported, have been
synthesised, their structures based on the n = 2 Ruddlesden-Popper layered perovskites. Their
structures were determined through Rietveld refinement against X-ray and neutron powder
diffraction, supported by vibrating sample magnetometry and thermal analysis.

The structure of the double layered phase Gd2SrCo2O7 was determined in the temperature
range 300 – 973 K by refinement of powder neutron diffraction data. The room temperature
structure is tetragonal, and displays small tilts of the oxygen sublattice that are described by a
2a0 2a0 x c supercell model in the space group P42/mnm rather than the idealised
Sr3Ti2O7 I4/mmm structure as previously reported. A structural transition at ~ 580 K is
characterised by reduction in the unit cell symmetry and distortion of CoO6 octahedra; the
behaviour is concurrent with a spin crossover in the Co (III) ions from intermediate to high
spin.

The structure of the new phase Nd2BaCo2O7 was determined in the temperature range 298 –
873 K by refinement of powder neutron diffraction data. At all temperatures, the structure is
metrically tetragonal, however the octahedral rotations are best described in the orthorhombic
space group Bbcb, with a = b = 2a0.

The structures of the phases Ln2SrFe2O7 (Ln = La, Nd, Gd) have been determined by
refinement of variable temperature powder neutron diffraction data. At room temperature all
the materials crystallise in the tetragonal space group P42/mnm, isostructural with the phase
Tb2BaFe2O7. On heating, the gadolinium and neodymium phases undergo transitions to lower
symmetry; the octahedral tilts of the high temperature phases are best described in the space
group Bbmm.

The new phases Nd2-xSr1+xFe2-xO7 have been prepared and their structures determined by
Rietveld refinement of room temperature powder neutron diffraction. All the materials
crystallise in the tetragonal space group P42/mnm. The degree of octahedral tilting decreases
as x increases, indicating a reduction of compression of the perovskite lattice as the average
A-site cationic radius increases.

The phase Sr3CoNbO7 has been prepared and its structure determined by refinement of
powder neutron diffraction data. At room temperature and 3.4 K there is no evidence of
magnetic ordering, B-site cationic ordering or octahedral tilting. The material is isostructural
with the undistorted Sr3Ti2O7, which implies that the spin state of Co (III) in the material is
low spin.

The material Sr3Ti2O7 was prepared and its structure determined in the temperature range
298 – 1073 K. At all temperatures, the structure is tetragonal, with no rotations of octahedra.
Unit cell parameters and bond lengths expand smoothly over the temperature range.
Hickey, Peter James
1c39efcd-8247-41d0-a0b9-828fd5b062b2
Hickey, Peter James
1c39efcd-8247-41d0-a0b9-828fd5b062b2
Weller, Mark T.
36a60b56-049f-466c-a1d7-39d6b0d85ff4

Hickey, Peter James (2009) Structural studies of layered transition metal oxides. University of Southampton, School of Chemistry, Doctoral Thesis, 179pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

A number of transition metal oxide materials, both new and previously reported, have been
synthesised, their structures based on the n = 2 Ruddlesden-Popper layered perovskites. Their
structures were determined through Rietveld refinement against X-ray and neutron powder
diffraction, supported by vibrating sample magnetometry and thermal analysis.

The structure of the double layered phase Gd2SrCo2O7 was determined in the temperature
range 300 – 973 K by refinement of powder neutron diffraction data. The room temperature
structure is tetragonal, and displays small tilts of the oxygen sublattice that are described by a
2a0 2a0 x c supercell model in the space group P42/mnm rather than the idealised
Sr3Ti2O7 I4/mmm structure as previously reported. A structural transition at ~ 580 K is
characterised by reduction in the unit cell symmetry and distortion of CoO6 octahedra; the
behaviour is concurrent with a spin crossover in the Co (III) ions from intermediate to high
spin.

The structure of the new phase Nd2BaCo2O7 was determined in the temperature range 298 –
873 K by refinement of powder neutron diffraction data. At all temperatures, the structure is
metrically tetragonal, however the octahedral rotations are best described in the orthorhombic
space group Bbcb, with a = b = 2a0.

The structures of the phases Ln2SrFe2O7 (Ln = La, Nd, Gd) have been determined by
refinement of variable temperature powder neutron diffraction data. At room temperature all
the materials crystallise in the tetragonal space group P42/mnm, isostructural with the phase
Tb2BaFe2O7. On heating, the gadolinium and neodymium phases undergo transitions to lower
symmetry; the octahedral tilts of the high temperature phases are best described in the space
group Bbmm.

The new phases Nd2-xSr1+xFe2-xO7 have been prepared and their structures determined by
Rietveld refinement of room temperature powder neutron diffraction. All the materials
crystallise in the tetragonal space group P42/mnm. The degree of octahedral tilting decreases
as x increases, indicating a reduction of compression of the perovskite lattice as the average
A-site cationic radius increases.

The phase Sr3CoNbO7 has been prepared and its structure determined by refinement of
powder neutron diffraction data. At room temperature and 3.4 K there is no evidence of
magnetic ordering, B-site cationic ordering or octahedral tilting. The material is isostructural
with the undistorted Sr3Ti2O7, which implies that the spin state of Co (III) in the material is
low spin.

The material Sr3Ti2O7 was prepared and its structure determined in the temperature range
298 – 1073 K. At all temperatures, the structure is tetragonal, with no rotations of octahedra.
Unit cell parameters and bond lengths expand smoothly over the temperature range.

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Published date: October 2009
Organisations: University of Southampton

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 173977
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/173977
PURE UUID: 5f37ca65-832b-4674-9ce7-0ff5cd3e829a

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Date deposited: 18 Feb 2011 16:56
Last modified: 29 Jan 2020 14:21

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