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A Recursive Algorithm for the Error Probability Evaluation of $M$-QAM

Yang, L-L. and Hanzo, L. (2000) A Recursive Algorithm for the Error Probability Evaluation of $M$-QAM IEEE Communications Letters, 4, (10), pp. 304-306.

Record type: Article


A general recursive algorithm for the efficient and accurate computation of the bit error rate (BER) of square-shaped $M$-QAM constellations over additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels is derived. We take advantage of the relationship amongst different square-shaped $M$-QAM constellations using Gray coded bit mapping. Index Terms—AWGN, BER computation, $M$-QAM, square constellation.

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Published date: October 2000
Organisations: Southampton Wireless Group


Local EPrints ID: 254454
PURE UUID: 0b785569-d201-4477-a447-ce09f14263d6
ORCID for L-L. Yang: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 02 Feb 2004
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 09:52

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Author: L-L. Yang ORCID iD
Author: L. Hanzo

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