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The Unified Framework for Sensor Networks: A Systems Approach

Merrett, Geoff V., Weddell, Alex S., Harris, Nick R., White, Neil M. and Al-Hashimi, Bashir M. (2006) The Unified Framework for Sensor Networks: A Systems Approach University of Southampton

Record type: Monograph (Project Report)


Since its introduction in the mid-1970s, the OSI Basic Reference Model (OSI-BRM) has been widely used as a foundation for communication models and standards. While many of these have modified the OSI-BRM for specific communication requirements (protocols such as ZigBee and Fieldbus – used in sensor networks), little structure or standardisation has been developed for other aspects of the hardware/software interface – for example sensing, energy management, actuation or locationing. Such processing is often implemented in the application layer of the communications stack, resulting in an unstructured, top-heavy and confusing stack. Alternatively, processing is performed off-chip or in separate unstructured software. In this paper, we propose the Unified Framework for the structured design and implementation of multiple interfaces on a sensor node. The framework creates unified stacks by connecting individual stacks (containing distinct functionality) via a shared application layer. We present the application of the framework to create a unified stack, structuring both communications and sensing. The process of extending a unified stack for implementing energy management, locationing and actuation is also discussed. The proposed framework establishes a structured platform for the formal design, specification and implementation of sensor and wireless sensor networks.

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Published date: September 2006
Keywords: wireless sensor networks, communication stack
Organisations: Electronic & Software Systems, EEE


Local EPrints ID: 262955
PURE UUID: 9371c786-c6bf-46f6-9627-b97e37f44828
ORCID for Geoff V. Merrett: ORCID iD
ORCID for Alex S. Weddell: ORCID iD
ORCID for Nick R. Harris: ORCID iD
ORCID for Neil M. White: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 13 Sep 2006
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 08:46

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Author: Geoff V. Merrett ORCID iD
Author: Alex S. Weddell ORCID iD
Author: Nick R. Harris ORCID iD
Author: Neil M. White ORCID iD

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