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Transformer Oil Passivation and Impact of Corrsive Sulphur

Amaro, P S, Pilgrim, J A, Lewin, P L, Brown, R C D, Wilson, G and Jarman, P N (2012) Transformer Oil Passivation and Impact of Corrsive Sulphur At The Fifth UHVnet Colloquium, United Kingdom. 18 - 19 Jan 2012. , p. 11.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


In recent years a significant volume of research has been undertaken in order to understand the recent failures in oil insulated power apparatus due to deposition of copper sulphide on the conductors and in the insulation paper. Dibenzyl Disulfide (DBDS) has been found to be the leading corrosive sulphur compound in the insulation oil [1]. The process of copper sulphide formation and the deposition in the paper is still being investigated, but a recently proposed method seems to be gaining some confidence [1]. This method suggests a two-step process; initially the DBDS and some oil soluble copper complexes are formed. Secondly the copper complexes are absorbed in the paper insulation, where they then decompose into copper sulphide [2]. The most commonly used mitigating technique for corrosive sulphur contaminated oil is passivation, normally using Irgamet 39 or 1, 2, 3-benzotriazole (BTA). The passivator is diluted into the oil to a concentration of around 100ppm, where it then reacts with the copper conductors to form a complex layer around the copper, preventing it from interacting with DBDS compounds and forming copper sulphide. This research project will investigate the electrical properties of HV transformers which have tested positive for corrosive sulphur, and the evolution of those properties as the asset degrades due to sulphur corrosion. Parallel to this the long term properties of transformers with passivated insulation oil will be analysed in order to understand the passivator stability and whether it is necessary to keep adding the passivator to sustain its performance. Condition monitoring techniques under investigation will include dielectric spectroscopy, frequency response analysis, recovery voltage method (aka interfacial polarisation) amongst others. Partial discharge techniques will not be investigated, as the voltage between the coil plates is low and therefore it will not contribute significantly to the overall insulation breakdown, in corrosive oil related faults [3]. The goal of this research is to establish key electrical properties in both passivated and non-passivated power transformers that demonstrate detectable changes as the equipment degrades due to the insulation oil being corrosive.

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More information

Published date: 18 January 2012
Additional Information: Event Dates: 18-19 January 2012
Venue - Dates: The Fifth UHVnet Colloquium, United Kingdom, 2012-01-18 - 2012-01-19
Organisations: Electronics & Computer Science, EEE


Local EPrints ID: 273124
PURE UUID: 027c57f3-d350-485e-b536-7529d1fac557

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Date deposited: 20 Jan 2012 14:30
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:16

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Author: P S Amaro
Author: J A Pilgrim
Author: P L Lewin
Author: R C D Brown
Author: G Wilson
Author: P N Jarman

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