A longitudinal-experimental test of the panculturality of self-enhancement: self-enhancement promotes psychological well-being both in the west and the east


O’Mara, Erin M., Gaertner, Lowell, Sedikides, Constantine, Zhou, Xinyue and Liu, Yanping (2012) A longitudinal-experimental test of the panculturality of self-enhancement: self-enhancement promotes psychological well-being both in the west and the east Journal of Research in Personality, 46, (2), pp. 157-163. (doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2012.01.001).

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Description/Abstract

Intensely debated is whether the self-enhancement motive is culturally relative or universal. The universalist perspective predicts that satisfaction of the motive panculturally promotes psychological well-being. The relativistic perspective predicts that such promotive effects are restricted to Western culture. A longitudinal-randomized-experiment conducted in China and the US tested the competing predictions. Participants completed measures of psychological well-being in an initial session. A week later participants listed a personally important attribute, described (via random assignment) how that attribute is more (self-enhancement) or less (self-effacement) descriptive of self than others, and again reported their psychological well-being. Consistent with the universalist perspective, self-enhancement significantly increased psychological well-being from baseline in the US and China; self-effacement yielded no change in psychological well-being in either culture.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2012.01.001
ISSNs: 0092-6566 (print)
Keywords: self-enhancement, self-effacement, psychological well-being, culture, self
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
ePrint ID: 337229
Date :
Date Event
26 January 2012e-pub ahead of print
April 2012Published
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2012 11:13
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 17:17
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/337229

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