The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Prevalence and predictors of condom use in a national sample of Canadian university students

Prevalence and predictors of condom use in a national sample of Canadian university students
Prevalence and predictors of condom use in a national sample of Canadian university students
Young adult Canadians of university age are highly sexually active compared to other age groups and are at relatively high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STI). It is therefore important to comprehensively assess condom use in this age group. In this study, the prevalence and individual predictors of condom use at last penile vaginal intercourse (PVI) were assessed in a national sample of 653 Canadian university students (252 male, 401 female). Overall, less than half of students (47.2%) reported condom use at last PVI. Condom use was higher among men (55.4%) than women (42.3%). For both men and women, the most frequently cited main reason for having used a condom was birth control. In multivariate analyses, the strongest predictor of condom use at last PVI was a preference for condoms as a contraceptive method; specifically, men and women who stated condoms were their preferred method were 9 and 23 times, respectively, more likely to use condoms at last PVI than those who selected another method. Female students who reported that their most recent sexual encounter occurred with a more committed partner (e.g., committed dating versus a hook-up) had slightly lower odds of reporting condom use at last PVI. The results indicated that rates of condom use are low among Canadian university students and that many students are likely at high risk for STI. Interventions to raise awareness of STIs are needed on Canadian university campuses and educational programs should emphasize improving attitudes towards condoms in addition to developing sexual health knowledge and condom use skills.

1188-4517
142-151
Milhausen, Robin R.
34cc6d84-7ab0-49a0-a3ac-054ed9b6129f
McKay, Alexander
93f1aa61-f535-4997-84c5-a4c511c00530
Graham, Cynthia A.
ac400331-f231-4449-a69b-ec9a477224c8
Crosby, Richard A.
626c2897-4a0d-447c-8a82-b4068006646c
Yarber, William L.
2bf2b5cc-004a-4c27-9e88-039b532e22cf
Sanders, Stephanie A.
bb4ce9a1-0d94-4fe9-9113-f2ac41ec7961
Milhausen, Robin R.
34cc6d84-7ab0-49a0-a3ac-054ed9b6129f
McKay, Alexander
93f1aa61-f535-4997-84c5-a4c511c00530
Graham, Cynthia A.
ac400331-f231-4449-a69b-ec9a477224c8
Crosby, Richard A.
626c2897-4a0d-447c-8a82-b4068006646c
Yarber, William L.
2bf2b5cc-004a-4c27-9e88-039b532e22cf
Sanders, Stephanie A.
bb4ce9a1-0d94-4fe9-9113-f2ac41ec7961

Milhausen, Robin R., McKay, Alexander, Graham, Cynthia A., Crosby, Richard A., Yarber, William L. and Sanders, Stephanie A. (2014) Prevalence and predictors of condom use in a national sample of Canadian university students. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 22 (3), 142-151. (doi:10.3138/cjhs.2316).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Young adult Canadians of university age are highly sexually active compared to other age groups and are at relatively high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STI). It is therefore important to comprehensively assess condom use in this age group. In this study, the prevalence and individual predictors of condom use at last penile vaginal intercourse (PVI) were assessed in a national sample of 653 Canadian university students (252 male, 401 female). Overall, less than half of students (47.2%) reported condom use at last PVI. Condom use was higher among men (55.4%) than women (42.3%). For both men and women, the most frequently cited main reason for having used a condom was birth control. In multivariate analyses, the strongest predictor of condom use at last PVI was a preference for condoms as a contraceptive method; specifically, men and women who stated condoms were their preferred method were 9 and 23 times, respectively, more likely to use condoms at last PVI than those who selected another method. Female students who reported that their most recent sexual encounter occurred with a more committed partner (e.g., committed dating versus a hook-up) had slightly lower odds of reporting condom use at last PVI. The results indicated that rates of condom use are low among Canadian university students and that many students are likely at high risk for STI. Interventions to raise awareness of STIs are needed on Canadian university campuses and educational programs should emphasize improving attitudes towards condoms in addition to developing sexual health knowledge and condom use skills.

Other
Milhausen et al Canadian J. Hum Sexuality Submitted Blinded.docx - Accepted Manuscript
Download (60kB)

More information

Published date: 2014
Organisations: Psychology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 361790
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/361790
ISSN: 1188-4517
PURE UUID: 1a13a38d-0ee1-4e05-ac9e-b2e06cca8257
ORCID for Cynthia A. Graham: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7884-599X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Feb 2014 11:29
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:30

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×