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Chaotic rotation of a towed elliptical cylinder

Chaotic rotation of a towed elliptical cylinder
Chaotic rotation of a towed elliptical cylinder
In this paper I consider the self-excited rotation of an elliptical cylinder towed in a viscous fluid as a canonical model of nonlinear fluid–structure interactions with possible applications in the design of sensors and energy extraction devices. First, the self-excited ellipse system is shown to be analogous to the forced bistable oscillators studied in classic chaos theory. A single variable, the distance between the pivot and the centroid, governs the system bifurcation into bistability. Next, fully coupled computational fluid dynamics simulations of the motion of the cylinder demonstrate limit cycle, period doubling, intermittently chaotic and fully chaotic dynamics as the distance is further adjusted. The viscous wake behind the cylinder is presented for the limit-cycle cases and new types of stable wakes are characterized for each. In contrast, a chaotic case demonstrates an independence of the wake and structural states. The rotational kinetic energy is quantified and correlated to the vortex shedding and the trajectory periodicity. Chaotic and high-period system responses are found to persist when structural damping is applied and for Reynolds numbers as low as 200
0022-1120
385-398
Weymouth, G.D.
b0c85fda-dfed-44da-8cc4-9e0cc88e2ca0
Weymouth, G.D.
b0c85fda-dfed-44da-8cc4-9e0cc88e2ca0

Weymouth, G.D. (2014) Chaotic rotation of a towed elliptical cylinder. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 743, 385-398. (doi:10.1017/jfm.2014.42).

Record type: Article

Abstract

In this paper I consider the self-excited rotation of an elliptical cylinder towed in a viscous fluid as a canonical model of nonlinear fluid–structure interactions with possible applications in the design of sensors and energy extraction devices. First, the self-excited ellipse system is shown to be analogous to the forced bistable oscillators studied in classic chaos theory. A single variable, the distance between the pivot and the centroid, governs the system bifurcation into bistability. Next, fully coupled computational fluid dynamics simulations of the motion of the cylinder demonstrate limit cycle, period doubling, intermittently chaotic and fully chaotic dynamics as the distance is further adjusted. The viscous wake behind the cylinder is presented for the limit-cycle cases and new types of stable wakes are characterized for each. In contrast, a chaotic case demonstrates an independence of the wake and structural states. The rotational kinetic energy is quantified and correlated to the vortex shedding and the trajectory periodicity. Chaotic and high-period system responses are found to persist when structural damping is applied and for Reynolds numbers as low as 200

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Published date: 6 March 2014
Organisations: Fluid Structure Interactions Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 364154
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/364154
ISSN: 0022-1120
PURE UUID: bfdec856-4cce-4746-9239-2a145a3b2d7f
ORCID for G.D. Weymouth: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5080-5016

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Date deposited: 07 Apr 2014 12:42
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 03:44

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