Zia, Huma, Harris, N.R. and Merrett, Geoff V.
Water quality monitoring, control and management (WQMCM) framework using collaborative wireless sensor networks
At 11th International Conference on Hydroinformatics (HIC) 2014, United States.
17 - 21 Aug 2014.
Improving water quality is of global concern, with agricultural practices being the major contributors to reduced water quality. The reuse of nutrient-rich drainage water can be a valuable strategy to gain economic-environmental benefits. However, currently the tools and techniques to allow this do not exist. Therefore, we have proposed a framework, WQMCM, which utilises increasingly common local farm-scale networks across a catchment, adding provision for collaborative information sharing. Using this framework, individual sub-networks can learn their environment and predict the impact of catchment events on their locality, allowing dynamic decision making for local irrigation strategies. Since resource constraints of network nodes (e.g. power consumption, computing power etc.) require a simplified predictive model for discharges, therefore low-dimensional model parameters are derived from the existing National Resource Conservation Method (NRCS), utilising real-time field values. Evaluation of the predictive models, developed using M5 decision trees, demonstrates accuracy of 84-94% compared with the traditional NRCS curve number model. The discharge volume and response time model was tested to perform with 6% relative root mean square error (RRMSE), even for a small training set of around 100 samples; however the discharge response time model required a minimum of 300 training samples to show reasonable performance with 16% RRMSE
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