Psycholinguistic Correlates of Symbol Grounding in Dictionaries

Vincent-Lamarre, Philippe, Blondin-Massé, Alexandre, Lord, Mélanie, Lopes, Marcos and Harnad, Stevan (2014) Psycholinguistic Correlates of Symbol Grounding in Dictionaries At Web Science and the Mind. 1 pp, p. 1.


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A dictionary can be represented as a directed graph with links from defining to defined words. The minimal feedback vertex sets (MinSets, Ms) of a dictionary graph are the smallest sets of words from which all the rest can be defined. We computed Ms for four English dictionaries. The words in the dictionary components revealed by our graph-theoretic analysis differ in their psycholinguistic correlates. Every MinSet has a C-part that is younger and more frequent and an S-part, that is more concrete. To understand the functional role of these components will require a close study of the words themselves, and how they are combined into definitions. We can already conclude that the closer a word is to the MinSets that can define all other words, the more concrete and frequent the word is likely to be, and the earlier it is likely to have been learned. This is what one would expect if the words in the MinSets were the ones that had been acquired through direct sensorimotor grounding.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Venue - Dates: Web Science and the Mind, 2014-07-09
Keywords: symbol grounding, meaning, dictionaries, graph theory, semantics, lexicography, mental lexicon, psycholinguistics
Organisations: Web & Internet Science
ePrint ID: 366805
Date :
Date Event
9 July 2014Published
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2014 13:30
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 13:31
Further Information:Google Scholar

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