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Psycholinguistic Correlates of Symbol Grounding in Dictionaries

Psycholinguistic Correlates of Symbol Grounding in Dictionaries
Psycholinguistic Correlates of Symbol Grounding in Dictionaries
A dictionary can be represented as a directed graph with links from defining to defined words. The minimal feedback vertex sets (MinSets, Ms) of a dictionary graph are the smallest sets of words from which all the rest can be defined. We computed Ms for four English dictionaries. The words in the dictionary components revealed by our graph-theoretic analysis differ in their psycholinguistic correlates. Every MinSet has a C-part that is younger and more frequent and an S-part, that is more concrete. To understand the functional role of these components will require a close study of the words themselves, and how they are combined into definitions. We can already conclude that the closer a word is to the MinSets that can define all other words, the more concrete and frequent the word is likely to be, and the earlier it is likely to have been learned. This is what one would expect if the words in the MinSets were the ones that had been acquired through direct sensorimotor grounding.
symbol grounding, meaning, dictionaries, graph theory, semantics, lexicography, mental lexicon, psycholinguistics
1
Vincent-Lamarre, Philippe
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Blondin-Massé, Alexandre
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Lord, Mélanie
bd0efee1-34ce-4e2d-a098-42d3972d4517
Lopes, Marcos
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Harnad, Stevan
442ee520-71a1-4283-8e01-106693487d8b
Vincent-Lamarre, Philippe, Blondin-Massé, Alexandre, Lord, Mélanie, Lopes, Marcos and Harnad, Stevan (2014) Psycholinguistic Correlates of Symbol Grounding in Dictionaries At Web Science and the Mind. 1 pp, p. 1.

Vincent-Lamarre, Philippe, Blondin-Massé, Alexandre, Lord, Mélanie, Lopes, Marcos and Harnad, Stevan (2014) Psycholinguistic Correlates of Symbol Grounding in Dictionaries At Web Science and the Mind. 1 pp, p. 1.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Abstract

A dictionary can be represented as a directed graph with links from defining to defined words. The minimal feedback vertex sets (MinSets, Ms) of a dictionary graph are the smallest sets of words from which all the rest can be defined. We computed Ms for four English dictionaries. The words in the dictionary components revealed by our graph-theoretic analysis differ in their psycholinguistic correlates. Every MinSet has a C-part that is younger and more frequent and an S-part, that is more concrete. To understand the functional role of these components will require a close study of the words themselves, and how they are combined into definitions. We can already conclude that the closer a word is to the MinSets that can define all other words, the more concrete and frequent the word is likely to be, and the earlier it is likely to have been learned. This is what one would expect if the words in the MinSets were the ones that had been acquired through direct sensorimotor grounding.

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More information

Published date: 9 July 2014
Venue - Dates: Web Science and the Mind, 2014-07-09
Keywords: symbol grounding, meaning, dictionaries, graph theory, semantics, lexicography, mental lexicon, psycholinguistics
Organisations: Web & Internet Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 366805
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/366805
PURE UUID: 7d09add2-99f0-4a5c-8505-7af413e7f8ac

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Date deposited: 10 Jul 2014 13:30
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 02:07

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Contributors

Author: Philippe Vincent-Lamarre
Author: Alexandre Blondin-Massé
Author: Mélanie Lord
Author: Marcos Lopes
Author: Stevan Harnad

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