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Multi-trench Fiber for high power laser applications

Multi-trench Fiber for high power laser applications
Multi-trench Fiber for high power laser applications
Optical fibers have realized their immense potential for high power applications in the last decade. However, non-linearity still remains a challenge for power scaling for fiber lasers [1]. A large effective area of the fundamental mode of the optical fiber can increase the threshold of the non-linear effects [2]. However, simply increasing the core size leads to multi-mode operation and hence deteriorates the beam quality. Several novel optical fiber designs have been proposed to offer a large effective area of optical fibers such as Low NA Step index fibers, Photonic Crystal Fibers, Bragg Fibers, etc., while still maintaining single mode operation. Recently, we proposed a novel multi-trench fiber (MTF) design for large effective mode area, as shown by a cross-section schematic and a refractive index profile design in Fig. 1. [3]. This fiber design offers advantages of relatively easy fabrication, splicing, and cleaving. Numerical simulations reveal that the MTF fiber geometry can provide single-mode operation with a core diameter as high as 100µm with an effective area of ~ 10,000µm2 in a rod-type configuration and ~800µm2 in a bend configuration. A 30µm diameter core MTF has been fabricated and the cross-section and measured refractive index profile is shown in Fig. 2. S2 measurement shows ~50dB suppression of higher order modes (HOM) in a one meter length of fiber. Also, an ytterbium-doped single-trench-fiber laser (slope efficiency ~85%) with a 20µm diameter core has been experimentally demonstrated with very high suppression of HOM (~32dB), which was also verified by S2 measurement. The refractive index profile, plot of laser slope efficiency, an output beam profile and a laser output spectrum are shown in Fig. 3.
Jain, D.
787e5045-8862-46ba-b15e-82c2fe60495f
May-Smith, T.C.
47952bbd-ce28-4507-a723-b4d80bf0f809
Sahu, J.K.
009f5fb3-6555-411a-9a0c-9a1b5a29ceb2
Jain, D.
787e5045-8862-46ba-b15e-82c2fe60495f
May-Smith, T.C.
47952bbd-ce28-4507-a723-b4d80bf0f809
Sahu, J.K.
009f5fb3-6555-411a-9a0c-9a1b5a29ceb2

Jain, D., May-Smith, T.C. and Sahu, J.K. (2014) Multi-trench Fiber for high power laser applications. Photon 2014, London. 31 Aug - 03 Sep 2014.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Optical fibers have realized their immense potential for high power applications in the last decade. However, non-linearity still remains a challenge for power scaling for fiber lasers [1]. A large effective area of the fundamental mode of the optical fiber can increase the threshold of the non-linear effects [2]. However, simply increasing the core size leads to multi-mode operation and hence deteriorates the beam quality. Several novel optical fiber designs have been proposed to offer a large effective area of optical fibers such as Low NA Step index fibers, Photonic Crystal Fibers, Bragg Fibers, etc., while still maintaining single mode operation. Recently, we proposed a novel multi-trench fiber (MTF) design for large effective mode area, as shown by a cross-section schematic and a refractive index profile design in Fig. 1. [3]. This fiber design offers advantages of relatively easy fabrication, splicing, and cleaving. Numerical simulations reveal that the MTF fiber geometry can provide single-mode operation with a core diameter as high as 100µm with an effective area of ~ 10,000µm2 in a rod-type configuration and ~800µm2 in a bend configuration. A 30µm diameter core MTF has been fabricated and the cross-section and measured refractive index profile is shown in Fig. 2. S2 measurement shows ~50dB suppression of higher order modes (HOM) in a one meter length of fiber. Also, an ytterbium-doped single-trench-fiber laser (slope efficiency ~85%) with a 20µm diameter core has been experimentally demonstrated with very high suppression of HOM (~32dB), which was also verified by S2 measurement. The refractive index profile, plot of laser slope efficiency, an output beam profile and a laser output spectrum are shown in Fig. 3.

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More information

Published date: September 2014
Additional Information: ID: 14677
Venue - Dates: Photon 2014, London, 2014-08-31 - 2014-09-03
Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 368533
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/368533
PURE UUID: e45ced04-44b4-4db8-b6ab-62d5c1f1abcb
ORCID for J.K. Sahu: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3560-6152

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Sep 2014 12:57
Last modified: 12 Dec 2021 03:15

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Contributors

Author: D. Jain
Author: T.C. May-Smith
Author: J.K. Sahu ORCID iD

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