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On forensic use of biometrics

On forensic use of biometrics
On forensic use of biometrics
Intro
This chapter examines the use of biometrics techniques within forensic science. It discusses the historic connections between the subjects and then examines face and ear biometrics in detail. The detailed examination starts from one of the most common and familiar biometric features - face - and then introduces a new biometric feature - ear - into forensics. Face is the natural means for human beings to recognise each other. Face biometric applications are widely used in our daily lives. However, currently no fully automatic face recognition system is accepted by the judicial system. This chapter introduces the manual
and computer-aided forensic face recognition, explains the differences between automatic face recognition system (biometrics) and forensics and outlines the current progress towards addressing the challenges existing in face recognition. Ear biometrics is a potentially important biometric feature, and there has been much research progress. The current state of formal validation of ears as a forensic tool is discussed and a set of morphological features along with an analysis of their discriminatory powers are presented. These features are important in deciding whether there is enough information available for identification in case of missing features. The terminology associated with these features may also assist with communicating ear comparison results to juries, an important
step in making such evidence effective at trial.
Wiley
Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe
40e175ea-6557-47c6-b759-318d7e24984b
Xingjie, Wei
866a69cf-ff18-4e22-ba7b-7388549652a8
Bustard, John
8fa23e3b-8594-4c87-81c4-a77e774c8c0b
Nixon, Mark S.
2b5b9804-5a81-462a-82e6-92ee5fa74e12
Li, Chang-Tsun
73e9697e-f330-4824-9e6d-a34e9f38bd4b
Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe
40e175ea-6557-47c6-b759-318d7e24984b
Xingjie, Wei
866a69cf-ff18-4e22-ba7b-7388549652a8
Bustard, John
8fa23e3b-8594-4c87-81c4-a77e774c8c0b
Nixon, Mark S.
2b5b9804-5a81-462a-82e6-92ee5fa74e12
Li, Chang-Tsun
73e9697e-f330-4824-9e6d-a34e9f38bd4b

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Xingjie, Wei, Bustard, John, Nixon, Mark S. and Li, Chang-Tsun (2015) On forensic use of biometrics. In, Handbook of Digital Forensics of Multimedia Data and Devices. Wiley.

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

Intro
This chapter examines the use of biometrics techniques within forensic science. It discusses the historic connections between the subjects and then examines face and ear biometrics in detail. The detailed examination starts from one of the most common and familiar biometric features - face - and then introduces a new biometric feature - ear - into forensics. Face is the natural means for human beings to recognise each other. Face biometric applications are widely used in our daily lives. However, currently no fully automatic face recognition system is accepted by the judicial system. This chapter introduces the manual
and computer-aided forensic face recognition, explains the differences between automatic face recognition system (biometrics) and forensics and outlines the current progress towards addressing the challenges existing in face recognition. Ear biometrics is a potentially important biometric feature, and there has been much research progress. The current state of formal validation of ears as a forensic tool is discussed and a set of morphological features along with an analysis of their discriminatory powers are presented. These features are important in deciding whether there is enough information available for identification in case of missing features. The terminology associated with these features may also assist with communicating ear comparison results to juries, an important
step in making such evidence effective at trial.

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banafshe-forensics-final-almost.pdf - Other
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More information

Published date: 2015
Organisations: Vision, Learning and Control

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 373088
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/373088
PURE UUID: 1c3dbc9a-0f91-4078-a29b-5714a80ddb00
ORCID for Mark S. Nixon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9174-5934

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Jan 2015 17:23
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 13:18

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Contributors

Author: Banafshe Arbab-Zavar
Author: Wei Xingjie
Author: John Bustard
Author: Mark S. Nixon ORCID iD
Author: Chang-Tsun Li

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