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Who am I? Representing the self offline and in different online contexts

Who am I? Representing the self offline and in different online contexts
Who am I? Representing the self offline and in different online contexts
The present paper examines the extent to which self-presentation may be affected by the context in which is it undertaken. Individuals were asked to complete the Twenty Statements Test both privately and publicly, but were given an opportunity to withhold any of their personal information before it was made public. Four contexts were examined: an offline context (face-to-face), an un-contextualized general online context, or two specific online contexts (dating or job-seeking). The results suggested that participants were willing to disclose substantially less personal information online than offline. Moreover, disclosure decreased as the online context became more specific, and those in the job-seeking context disclosed the least amount of information. Surprisingly, individual differences in personality did not predict disclosure behavior. Instead, the results are set in the context of audience visibility and social norms, and implications for self-presentation in digital contexts are discussed
self-concept, self-presentation, offline and online disclosure, social network sites
0747-5632
146-152
Emanuel, Lia
221efc79-86e1-4c1d-a1c0-53c6fde93421
Neil, Greg J.
85453750-0611-48d9-a83e-da95cd4e80b3
Bevan, Chris
15ecc8cb-bf4a-4c7a-bddd-800dc73dc70d
Fraser, Danaë Stanton
6c3a5512-26a5-4f9c-8ed9-e73ac856d05e
Stevenage, Sarah V.
493f8c57-9af9-4783-b189-e06b8e958460
Whitty, Monica T.
ff981e43-111b-4a31-a240-9fb0cba44e0c
Jamison-Powell, Sue
b781d0cb-2b80-43f7-942b-73c2ff700863
Emanuel, Lia
221efc79-86e1-4c1d-a1c0-53c6fde93421
Neil, Greg J.
85453750-0611-48d9-a83e-da95cd4e80b3
Bevan, Chris
15ecc8cb-bf4a-4c7a-bddd-800dc73dc70d
Fraser, Danaë Stanton
6c3a5512-26a5-4f9c-8ed9-e73ac856d05e
Stevenage, Sarah V.
493f8c57-9af9-4783-b189-e06b8e958460
Whitty, Monica T.
ff981e43-111b-4a31-a240-9fb0cba44e0c
Jamison-Powell, Sue
b781d0cb-2b80-43f7-942b-73c2ff700863

Emanuel, Lia, Neil, Greg J., Bevan, Chris, Fraser, Danaë Stanton, Stevenage, Sarah V., Whitty, Monica T. and Jamison-Powell, Sue (2014) Who am I? Representing the self offline and in different online contexts. Computers in Human Behavior, 41, 146-152. (doi:10.1016/j.chb.2014.09.018).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The present paper examines the extent to which self-presentation may be affected by the context in which is it undertaken. Individuals were asked to complete the Twenty Statements Test both privately and publicly, but were given an opportunity to withhold any of their personal information before it was made public. Four contexts were examined: an offline context (face-to-face), an un-contextualized general online context, or two specific online contexts (dating or job-seeking). The results suggested that participants were willing to disclose substantially less personal information online than offline. Moreover, disclosure decreased as the online context became more specific, and those in the job-seeking context disclosed the least amount of information. Surprisingly, individual differences in personality did not predict disclosure behavior. Instead, the results are set in the context of audience visibility and social norms, and implications for self-presentation in digital contexts are discussed

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Emanuel et al (2014) Author's final manuscript.docx - Author's Original
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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 8 October 2014
Published date: December 2014
Keywords: self-concept, self-presentation, offline and online disclosure, social network sites
Organisations: Psychology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 374184
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/374184
ISSN: 0747-5632
PURE UUID: a18c115e-c1c7-4518-b2e2-8cedb713db8a
ORCID for Sarah V. Stevenage: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4155-2939

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 09 Feb 2015 12:59
Last modified: 17 Sep 2019 01:07

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