Induced nostalgia increases optimism (via social-connectedness and self-esteem) among individuals high, but not low, in trait nostalgia


Cheung, W.Y., Sedikides, C. and Wildschut, T. (2015) Induced nostalgia increases optimism (via social-connectedness and self-esteem) among individuals high, but not low, in trait nostalgia Personality and Individual Differences, 90, pp. 283-288. (doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.028).

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Description/Abstract

Nostalgia, a sentimental longing for the past, is not merely a past-oriented emotion, but has implications for the future. Experimentally induced nostalgia fosters optimism by increasing social-connectedness (a sense of acceptance and belongingness) and self-esteem. Do these effects depend on trait nostalgia (i.e., proneness to nostalgic engagement)? Consistent with past research, induced nostalgia fostered optimism, and this effect was mediated by social-connectedness and self-esteem. More important, these effects uniquely applied to participants who were high, but not low, on trait nostalgia. That is, induced nostalgia (vs. control) was indirectly linked to heightened optimism through social-connectedness and self-esteem, for nostalgia prone individuals. Proneness to nostalgic engagement, when coupled with momentary nostalgia, confers benefits, not only in terms of greater social-connectedness and self-esteem, but also in terms of higher optimism.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.028
ISSNs: 0191-8869 (print)
Keywords: nostalgia, optimism, emotion, memory, self-esteem, social-connectedness
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Organisations: Psychology
ePrint ID: 384129
Date :
Date Event
14 November 2015Accepted/In Press
25 November 2015e-pub ahead of print
February 2016Published
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2015 11:33
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 04:48
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/384129

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