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Language and reading comprehension in middle childhood predicts emotional and behaviour difficulties in adolescence for those with permanent childhood hearing loss

Language and reading comprehension in middle childhood predicts emotional and behaviour difficulties in adolescence for those with permanent childhood hearing loss
Language and reading comprehension in middle childhood predicts emotional and behaviour difficulties in adolescence for those with permanent childhood hearing loss
Background: Permanent childhood hearing loss (PCHL) is associated with an elevated level of emotional and behaviour difficulties (EBD). In children and adolescents with PCHL, EBD has been found to be linked to language ability in children with PCHL. The present study was designed to test whether childhood language and/or reading comprehension abilities of children with PCHL predict subsequent EBD in adolescence.

Methods: Language comprehension (LC) and reading comprehension (RC) were measured at ages 6-10 years (Time 1) and 13-20 years (Time 2) in participants with PCHL who preferred to communicate using spoken language (n=57) and a hearing comparison group (HCG) (n=38). EBD was measured at both time points by Parent and by Teacher ratings on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).

Results: Within the PCHL group there were negative correlations between EBD scores and concurrent LC and RC scores at Time 1 and at Time 2. Cross-lagged latent variable models fitted to the longitudinal data indicated that the associations between LC, RC and Teacher arted EBD were more likely to arise from the impact of LC and RC on behaviour rather than the other way round.

Conclusions: In those with PCHL, poor language and reading comprehension in middle childhood increased the risk of emotional and behaviour difficulties at school in the teenage years. The results suggest that effective language and literacy interventions for children with hearing loss may also bring benefits to their mental health.
180–190
Stevenson, Jim
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Pimperton, Hannah
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Kreppner, Jana
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Worsfold, Sarah
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Terlektsi, Emmanouela
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Mahon, Merle
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Kennedy, Colin
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Stevenson, Jim
0c85d29b-d294-43cb-ab8d-75e4737478e1
Pimperton, Hannah
705a9281-403e-4b1a-8de3-d46bf8f0a30a
Kreppner, Jana
6a5f447e-1cfe-4654-95b4-e6f89b0275d6
Worsfold, Sarah
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Terlektsi, Emmanouela
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Mahon, Merle
5166ade4-5a04-4fb8-b907-1b83cf7c3a61
Kennedy, Colin
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Stevenson, Jim, Pimperton, Hannah, Kreppner, Jana, Worsfold, Sarah, Terlektsi, Emmanouela, Mahon, Merle and Kennedy, Colin (2018) Language and reading comprehension in middle childhood predicts emotional and behaviour difficulties in adolescence for those with permanent childhood hearing loss. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 59 (2), 180–190. (doi:10.1111/jcpp.12803).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: Permanent childhood hearing loss (PCHL) is associated with an elevated level of emotional and behaviour difficulties (EBD). In children and adolescents with PCHL, EBD has been found to be linked to language ability in children with PCHL. The present study was designed to test whether childhood language and/or reading comprehension abilities of children with PCHL predict subsequent EBD in adolescence.

Methods: Language comprehension (LC) and reading comprehension (RC) were measured at ages 6-10 years (Time 1) and 13-20 years (Time 2) in participants with PCHL who preferred to communicate using spoken language (n=57) and a hearing comparison group (HCG) (n=38). EBD was measured at both time points by Parent and by Teacher ratings on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).

Results: Within the PCHL group there were negative correlations between EBD scores and concurrent LC and RC scores at Time 1 and at Time 2. Cross-lagged latent variable models fitted to the longitudinal data indicated that the associations between LC, RC and Teacher arted EBD were more likely to arise from the impact of LC and RC on behaviour rather than the other way round.

Conclusions: In those with PCHL, poor language and reading comprehension in middle childhood increased the risk of emotional and behaviour difficulties at school in the teenage years. The results suggest that effective language and literacy interventions for children with hearing loss may also bring benefits to their mental health.

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JCPP Language and behaviour REVISED 26 July - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 27 July 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 5 September 2017
Published date: February 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 412973
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/412973
PURE UUID: 8cbf2b6f-4b1c-4194-a505-43126692c3fa
ORCID for Jana Kreppner: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3527-9083

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Date deposited: 10 Aug 2017 16:30
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 04:27

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Contributors

Author: Jim Stevenson
Author: Hannah Pimperton
Author: Jana Kreppner ORCID iD
Author: Sarah Worsfold
Author: Emmanouela Terlektsi
Author: Merle Mahon
Author: Colin Kennedy

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