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Societal costs of permanent childhood hearing loss at teen age: a cross-sectional cohort follow-up study of universal newborn hearing screening

Societal costs of permanent childhood hearing loss at teen age: a cross-sectional cohort follow-up study of universal newborn hearing screening
Societal costs of permanent childhood hearing loss at teen age: a cross-sectional cohort follow-up study of universal newborn hearing screening
Objective: To investigate the effects in adolescence of bilateral Permanent Childhood Hearing Loss (PCHL) >40 dB and of exposure to Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) on societal costs accrued over the preceding 12 months.Design, Setting, Participants: An observational cohort study of a sample of 110 adolescents aged 13 to 20 years, 73 with PCHL and 37 in a normally hearing comparison group (HCG) closely similar in respect of place and date of birth to those with PCHL, drawn from a 1992-97 cohort of 157,000 births in Southern England, half of whom had been exposed to a UNHS programme. Intervention: Birth in periods with and without UNHS. Outcome Measures: Resource use and costs in the preceding 12 month period, estimated from interview at a mean age of 16.9 years and review of medical records. Effects on costs were examined in regression models.Results: Mean total costs for participants with PCHL and the HCG were £15,914 and £5,883 respectively (difference £10,031, 95% CI £6,460 to £13,603), primarily driven by a difference in educational costs. Compared to the HCG, additional mean costs associated with PCHL of moderate, severe and profound severity were £5,916, £6,605 and £18,437 respectively. The presence of not only PCHL but also an additional medical condition (AMC) increased costs by £15,385 (95%CI £8,532 to £22,238). An increase of one unit in receptive language z score was associated with £1,616 (95%CI £842 to £2,389) lower costs. Birth during periods of UNHS was not associated with significantly lower overall costs (difference £3,594, 95%CI -£2,918 to £10,106). Conclusions: The societal cost of PCHL was greater with more severe losses and in the presence of AMC and was lower in children with superior language scores. There was no statistically significant reduction in costs associated with birth in periods with UNHS. Trial Registration: http://www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN03307358/hearing+outcomes+in+teenagers
Chorozoglou, Maria
1d8dc56f-914a-402a-8155-4fb1e4380835
Mahon, Merle
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Pimperton, Hannah
705a9281-403e-4b1a-8de3-d46bf8f0a30a
Worsfold, Sarah
9e3f6aa2-8c17-4965-adf4-b3bc1d04ab54
Kennedy, Colin
7c3aff62-0a86-4b44-b7d7-4bc01f23ec93
Chorozoglou, Maria
1d8dc56f-914a-402a-8155-4fb1e4380835
Mahon, Merle
5166ade4-5a04-4fb8-b907-1b83cf7c3a61
Pimperton, Hannah
705a9281-403e-4b1a-8de3-d46bf8f0a30a
Worsfold, Sarah
9e3f6aa2-8c17-4965-adf4-b3bc1d04ab54
Kennedy, Colin
7c3aff62-0a86-4b44-b7d7-4bc01f23ec93

Chorozoglou, Maria, Mahon, Merle, Pimperton, Hannah, Worsfold, Sarah and Kennedy, Colin (2018) Societal costs of permanent childhood hearing loss at teen age: a cross-sectional cohort follow-up study of universal newborn hearing screening. BMJ Paediatrics Open. (doi:10.1136/bmjpo -2017-000228). (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effects in adolescence of bilateral Permanent Childhood Hearing Loss (PCHL) >40 dB and of exposure to Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) on societal costs accrued over the preceding 12 months.Design, Setting, Participants: An observational cohort study of a sample of 110 adolescents aged 13 to 20 years, 73 with PCHL and 37 in a normally hearing comparison group (HCG) closely similar in respect of place and date of birth to those with PCHL, drawn from a 1992-97 cohort of 157,000 births in Southern England, half of whom had been exposed to a UNHS programme. Intervention: Birth in periods with and without UNHS. Outcome Measures: Resource use and costs in the preceding 12 month period, estimated from interview at a mean age of 16.9 years and review of medical records. Effects on costs were examined in regression models.Results: Mean total costs for participants with PCHL and the HCG were £15,914 and £5,883 respectively (difference £10,031, 95% CI £6,460 to £13,603), primarily driven by a difference in educational costs. Compared to the HCG, additional mean costs associated with PCHL of moderate, severe and profound severity were £5,916, £6,605 and £18,437 respectively. The presence of not only PCHL but also an additional medical condition (AMC) increased costs by £15,385 (95%CI £8,532 to £22,238). An increase of one unit in receptive language z score was associated with £1,616 (95%CI £842 to £2,389) lower costs. Birth during periods of UNHS was not associated with significantly lower overall costs (difference £3,594, 95%CI -£2,918 to £10,106). Conclusions: The societal cost of PCHL was greater with more severe losses and in the presence of AMC and was lower in children with superior language scores. There was no statistically significant reduction in costs associated with birth in periods with UNHS. Trial Registration: http://www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN03307358/hearing+outcomes+in+teenagers

Text Chorozoglou et al second revision clean 10Jan2018 - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 15 January 2018

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Local EPrints ID: 417593
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/417593
PURE UUID: a5c15b75-32cd-4901-a3ac-7e22453374b0

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Date deposited: 06 Feb 2018 17:30
Last modified: 15 Apr 2018 04:01

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