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Effects of repeated attachment security priming in outpatients with primary depressive disorders

Effects of repeated attachment security priming in outpatients with primary depressive disorders
Effects of repeated attachment security priming in outpatients with primary depressive disorders
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the potential effectiveness of secure attachment priming in outpatients with depressive disorders. Methods: Forty-eight participants engaged in secure attachment priming or neutral priming in the laboratory (Time 1), after which they received three daily consecutive primes via text message (Times 2-4), aimed at maintaining the effects from Time 1. A follow-up one day later (Time 5) was also included. Dependent measures were assessed at Times 1, 4 and 5. Results: Participants in the secure attachment priming condition experienced higher felt-security than the control group at all time-points, indicating that the felt-security benefit was maintained through repeated priming. Secure priming had a greater impact on reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression in comparison to the control prime, though the differences were only significant at Time 4. Limitations: The moderate sample size limited our statistical power. Conclusions: This study was the first experiment using repeated secure attachment priming within a clinical sample. Our findings have potential clinical implications; security priming could be used alongside other treatments to improve outcome. Recommendations for further research are discussed.
attachment, security priming, priming, depression, anxiety
0165-0327
201-206
Carnelley, Katherine
02a55020-a0bc-480e-a0ff-c8fe56ee9c36
Bejinaru, Mona-Maria
bf0949b3-c3cc-488f-8070-c643f7559c17
Otway, Lorna
cf691ecb-b7ae-4620-9ba5-fb717cc3ef0d
Baldwin, David
1beaa192-0ef1-4914-897a-3a49fc2ed15e
Rowe, Angela
386d6cd6-dead-4291-9b24-ea45f99c4bf0
Carnelley, Katherine
02a55020-a0bc-480e-a0ff-c8fe56ee9c36
Bejinaru, Mona-Maria
bf0949b3-c3cc-488f-8070-c643f7559c17
Otway, Lorna
cf691ecb-b7ae-4620-9ba5-fb717cc3ef0d
Baldwin, David
1beaa192-0ef1-4914-897a-3a49fc2ed15e
Rowe, Angela
386d6cd6-dead-4291-9b24-ea45f99c4bf0

Carnelley, Katherine, Bejinaru, Mona-Maria, Otway, Lorna, Baldwin, David and Rowe, Angela (2018) Effects of repeated attachment security priming in outpatients with primary depressive disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, 234, 201-206. (doi:10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.040).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the potential effectiveness of secure attachment priming in outpatients with depressive disorders. Methods: Forty-eight participants engaged in secure attachment priming or neutral priming in the laboratory (Time 1), after which they received three daily consecutive primes via text message (Times 2-4), aimed at maintaining the effects from Time 1. A follow-up one day later (Time 5) was also included. Dependent measures were assessed at Times 1, 4 and 5. Results: Participants in the secure attachment priming condition experienced higher felt-security than the control group at all time-points, indicating that the felt-security benefit was maintained through repeated priming. Secure priming had a greater impact on reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression in comparison to the control prime, though the differences were only significant at Time 4. Limitations: The moderate sample size limited our statistical power. Conclusions: This study was the first experiment using repeated secure attachment priming within a clinical sample. Our findings have potential clinical implications; security priming could be used alongside other treatments to improve outcome. Recommendations for further research are discussed.

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clinical manuscript_rev3 - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 16 February 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 21 March 2018
Published date: July 2018
Keywords: attachment, security priming, priming, depression, anxiety

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 418686
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/418686
ISSN: 0165-0327
PURE UUID: ae91326f-9ae0-44c4-acdf-08ab3cda62a7

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Date deposited: 19 Mar 2018 17:30
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 18:45

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Contributors

Author: Mona-Maria Bejinaru
Author: Lorna Otway
Author: David Baldwin
Author: Angela Rowe

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