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Exploratory lattice QCD studies of rare kaon decays

Exploratory lattice QCD studies of rare kaon decays
Exploratory lattice QCD studies of rare kaon decays
The rare kaon decays K → πl+l- and K → πνν proceed via flavour changing neutral currents, and are thus heavily suppressed in the Standard Model. This natural suppression makes these decays sensitive to the effects of potential new physics. These decays first arise as second-order electroweak processes, hence we are required to evaluate four-point correlation functions involving two effective operators. The evaluation of such four-point correlation functions presents two key difficulties: the appearance of unphysical terms in Euclidean-space correlators that grow exponentially as the operators are separated, and the presence of ultra-violet divergences as the operators approach each other. I present the results of the first exploratory studies of the calculation of the long-distance contributions to these decays using lattice QCD. The decays K → πl+l- are completely long-distance dominated; this lattice calculation is thus the first step in providing ab-initio estimates for the amplitudes of these decays. Our simulations are performed using the 243 x 64 domain wall fermion ensemble of the RBC-UKQCD collaboration, with a pion mass of 430(2)MeV, a kaon mass of 625(2)MeV, and a valence charm mass of 543(13)MeV. In particular we determine the form factor, V (z), of the K+ (k) → π+ (p) l+l- decay from the lattice at small values of z = q2=M2K (where q = k - p), obtaining V (z) = 1.37(36); 0.68(39); 0.96(64) for the three values of z = -0.5594(12), -1.0530(34), -1.4653(82) respectively.The decays K+ → π+νν are short-distance dominated, although the long-distance contributions represent significant sources of uncertainty. The lattice calculation of the decay amplitudes is made particularly difficult by the presence of ultra-violet divergences in the four-point correlators. I present the calculation of the renormalised decay amplitudes, using the 163x32 domain wall fermion ensemble of the RBC-UKQCD collaboration, with a pion mass of 421(1)(7)MeV, a kaon mass of 563(1)(9)MeV, and a valence charm mass of 863(24)MeV. In particular we find the difference between the perturbative and lattice estimates of the charm contribution to these decays to be ΔPc = 0.0040(13)(32)(-45).
University of Southampton
Lawson, Andrew
5c18da3e-b77e-40d1-a79c-110f8f8510c1
Lawson, Andrew
5c18da3e-b77e-40d1-a79c-110f8f8510c1
Sachrajda, Christopher
0ed6568b-f52f-4314-8677-4aeeb925d6f7

Lawson, Andrew (2017) Exploratory lattice QCD studies of rare kaon decays. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 192pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The rare kaon decays K → πl+l- and K → πνν proceed via flavour changing neutral currents, and are thus heavily suppressed in the Standard Model. This natural suppression makes these decays sensitive to the effects of potential new physics. These decays first arise as second-order electroweak processes, hence we are required to evaluate four-point correlation functions involving two effective operators. The evaluation of such four-point correlation functions presents two key difficulties: the appearance of unphysical terms in Euclidean-space correlators that grow exponentially as the operators are separated, and the presence of ultra-violet divergences as the operators approach each other. I present the results of the first exploratory studies of the calculation of the long-distance contributions to these decays using lattice QCD. The decays K → πl+l- are completely long-distance dominated; this lattice calculation is thus the first step in providing ab-initio estimates for the amplitudes of these decays. Our simulations are performed using the 243 x 64 domain wall fermion ensemble of the RBC-UKQCD collaboration, with a pion mass of 430(2)MeV, a kaon mass of 625(2)MeV, and a valence charm mass of 543(13)MeV. In particular we determine the form factor, V (z), of the K+ (k) → π+ (p) l+l- decay from the lattice at small values of z = q2=M2K (where q = k - p), obtaining V (z) = 1.37(36); 0.68(39); 0.96(64) for the three values of z = -0.5594(12), -1.0530(34), -1.4653(82) respectively.The decays K+ → π+νν are short-distance dominated, although the long-distance contributions represent significant sources of uncertainty. The lattice calculation of the decay amplitudes is made particularly difficult by the presence of ultra-violet divergences in the four-point correlators. I present the calculation of the renormalised decay amplitudes, using the 163x32 domain wall fermion ensemble of the RBC-UKQCD collaboration, with a pion mass of 421(1)(7)MeV, a kaon mass of 563(1)(9)MeV, and a valence charm mass of 863(24)MeV. In particular we find the difference between the perturbative and lattice estimates of the charm contribution to these decays to be ΔPc = 0.0040(13)(32)(-45).

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Published date: October 2017

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Local EPrints ID: 418965
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/418965
PURE UUID: aba058fe-102f-47a2-8b74-171793f94bca

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Date deposited: 27 Mar 2018 16:30
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 18:43

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